Ebola is a deadly virus disease, which is very rare but deadly and causes bleeding inside and outside the body. This deadly disease was formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, which is a severe and fatal illness in humans. Basically, Ebola’s first outbreak was in the year 1976 in the African countries like especially in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (then Zaire) and Southern Sudan. The disease has taken its name from the village situated near the Ebola River.
Introduction to Ebola virus disease (EVD)
Earlier known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, Ebola virus disease is a severe illness that is mostly fatal, with case fatality rates going up to 90%. Currently one of the world’s most dangerous diseases, the infection spreads through contact with blood or other body fluids or via tissues of infected people or animals. Patients who are severely affected by Ebola disease need intensive supportive care. In the face of an Ebola outbreak, those in direct contact with departed patients or unwell people—such as family members, doctors, nurses and other health workers—are at the highest risk of contracting the infection.