Depression: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

By Steve Marc

Depression is the leading cause of disability, and it is the most common illness worldwide as per WHO (World Health Organization) reports. As per the report, more than 350 million people are affected by depression globally. Depression causes vary from person to person and are based on the situations in personal and professional life.

Depression

Feeling of sadness, displeasure, irritation, loss of interest, feeling down are some of the depression symptoms those are common and comes under psychiatric problem. If these signs persist and affect your daily life then it might be possible that you are under depression.

Other than above, physical problems can also be a depression cause.

Depression Symptoms and Types of Depression:

There are different types and subtypes of depression, and they are:

  • Major Depressive Disorder – In this depression, the patient feels a constant and profound sense of hopelessness and despair. Major depression may occur once but more commonly may occur several times in a lifetime.
  • Psychotic Depression – The patient feels hallucinations and delusions in this type of depression.
  • Chronic Depression and Dysthymia – The effect of this depression generally persist for longer duration but the best part is they are less severe in comparison to another form of depression. The patient suffers from dysthymia usually function normally, but they stay consistently unhappy.
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder – The short form of this disorder is SAD. Depressive disorder with the seasonal pattern is a subtype of major depressive disorder that occurs every year in the almost same time frame. I.e. it may start automatically in winter and end in spring or early summer season.
  • Bipolar Depression – This disorder causes extreme mood swings. The patient sometimes feels like they are very happy and after while you may find them sitting unhappily. The length of happiness and unhappiness period varies greatly from person to person.

Depressed mood, lack of interest, loss of sexual desire, low appetite, restlessness, slow movement, low energy, fatigue, feeling sad,  are some of the common symptoms of depression.

Causes of Depression

Depression causes are not fully understood. The length of depression is also not fixed, it can happen due to a complex combination of factors like: Environmental, Genetics, Biological- changes in neurotransmitter levels, Psychological and Social.

The other depression causes and risk factors of depression are also listed below:

  • Personality: People who are less successful in their life they curse themselves for their unimpressive personality.
  • Life Events: These include any major accident (like a head injury), week personal relation with family or spouse, divorce, bereavement, work issues, relationships with friends, financial problems, medical issues, or acute stress.
  • Trauma – Depression could also cause due to childhood trauma.
  • Genetic Factors: Having a first-degree relative with depression increases the risk.
  • Drugs Intake: Prescribed treatment of taking drugs for long also make patient depress at times. Prescription drugs like; corticosteroids, interferon, beta-blocker, and other prescription drugs.
  • Drugs Abuse: Abuse of amphetamines, alcohol, and other drugs are strongly linked to depression.
  • Chronic Pain Syndromes: Some patients likely to undergo depression in case of a severe health condition like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, etc.

What People with Depression Wish You Knew

Treatment or Depression Cure

The symptoms of depression are likely to manageably with the help of therapy and counselling. The depression cure is possible as it can treat mental illness with the right approach. There are 3 ways manage depression:

  • Support – Family member and friends support is the best way to deal with depression. Talking and discussing practical solutions can help patients to overcome depression.
  • Psychotherapy – CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy) helps manage depression, CBT therapy also knows as talking therapy.
  • Medicinal Treatment – The antidepressants work many times if at all recommended by a doctor.
  • Exercise and Lifestyle Changes – Making some lifestyle changes also help to come out of stress and depression. Eating balanced diet, taking timely and proper rest, regular exercise (like aerobics, brisk walk) may help release depression.   
  • Electroconvulsive Therapy – Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is effective for psychotic depression to help in the severe cases of depression that may not respond to drug treatment.

Approach a depression cure as soon as you find out any depression symptoms in your loved ones. Also, know the depression causes so that it can be avoided in future if possible.

7 Most Common Causes of Depression

By Steve Marc

Causes of Depression

Depression, a horrible gift given by today’s stressful and more demanding attitude. Depression is turning to be a curse for the society, and it can be mild to life-threatening. In the case of anxiety, it is very difficult to understand what is affecting your mood. It is an extremely complex disease, and its exact cause is still not known; there may be a variety of reasons or issues for depression. Some mild episodes of depression may resolve with time, aided by making the important adjustment to one’s daily routines, and by seeking out the support of others, while severe cases require medical attention along with counseling to know the causes of depression.

Inner happiness is one thing that can defeat all worries, tension, and stress in just a few seconds. Do what you love, eat what you like. Live in your today, as the future is unknown but yes we should always make our self ready for future surprises. Become headstrong, one downfall cannot stop your life, keep thinking about the bad phases will not solve the problems. So, belief in yourself, your happiness will spark and boost the special motivation in you to break all the sadness and barriers of your life.

This page will help you to understand the symptoms and causes of depression.

Symptoms of Depression

Symptoms of depression can be mild to severe. When there is continuous sadness or loss of interest in work or daily routine, it means you’re in a depression. It gives a behavioral change, a lot of mood swing, and overthinking issues. This may also include loss of appetite, change in sleeping pattern, low energy level, and self-esteem. At times, it gives a suicidal feeling.

Causes of Depression

  • Stressful life event- At some point, nearly everyone encounters stressful life events: the death of a loved one, the loss of a job, an illness, or a relationship spiraling downward. Some have to cope with the early loss of a parent, violence, or sexual abuse. While not everyone who faces these stresses develops a mood disorder, in fact, most do not.  Stress plays an important role in depression. Stress has its physiological consequences. It triggers a chain of chemical reactions that responses to our body. If the stress is short-lived, the body usually returns to normal. But when stress is chronic, or the system gets stuck in overdrive, changes in the body and brain can be long-lasting.
  • Seasonal affective disorder- When winter brings the blues- many people feel sad when summer wanes, some develop depression with the season’s change. Known as seasonal affective disorder (SAD), this form of depression affects about 1% to 2% of the population, particularly women and young people. SAD seems to be triggered by more limited exposure to daylight; typically, it comes on during the fall or winter months and subsides in the spring. Symptoms are similar to general depression and include lethargy, loss of interest in once-pleasurable activities, irritability, inability to concentrate, and a change in sleeping patterns, appetite, or both.
  • Medical problems- Some medical issues are linked to lasting, significant mood disturbances. Medical illnesses or medications may be at the root of up to 10% to 15% of all depressions. Among the best-known culprits are two thyroid hormone imbalances. An excess of thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) can trigger manic symptoms. On the other hand, hypothyroidism, a condition in which your body produces too little thyroid hormone, often leads to exhaustion and depression.
  • Medications- Sometimes, symptoms of depression or mania are a side effect of certain drugs, such as steroids or blood pressure medication. Be sure to tell your doctor or therapist what medications you take and when your symptoms began. A professional can help sort out whether a new medication, a change in dosage, or interactions with other drugs or substances might be affecting your mood.

Also Read: What People with Depression Wish You Knew

  • Women age – At the stage of premenopausal and premenopausal, it has been seen due to the change in hormones, which leads to mood swings and turns into depression in women.
  • Personality- Personality and temperament can contribute to depression. Certain personality types are more at risk of developing depression than others.
  • Basic Routine- There is a cure for any diseases so as for depression, a person dealing with it need a lot of mental support, medications, and meditation both to help regain self-esteem. One needs to start the day with either walk or some sort of physical activity. And last but not the least happiness is one of the first medicine in the world which cure all the disease. So be happy and stay fit!

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