Does Smoke Decrease the Sperm Count?

By Stella Green

smoke effect on sperm

Can smoking affect your sperm count? You may already know that smoking is bad for health, and it has been linked to an increased risk for many cancers, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease and number of other health problems. More recently, researchers have begun to explore the association between smoking and reproductive health. According to studies, smoking is one of the major causes of infertility. Kicking the bad habit followed by medicinal treatment may help. A variety of medicines to treat infertility are available that can be best used under the supervision of a doctor. Read below to learn more about the side effects of smoking.

Smoking & Infertility

Infertility defines as the inability to achieve pregnancy even after a year of regular unprotected intercourse. Data suggests that about 15% of all couples attempting to become parents face some form of infertility issues. Although half of the cases of infertility are due to female factors, Malefactors are the cause of approximately 30% of couples. Moreover, In 20% of a couple, both male and female elements are responsible for infertility. Studies revealed that male factor fertility plays a crucial in about 50% of all couple who are facing some infertility problems. The toxins in the cigarette not only hurt your lungs and respiratory tract but also take a toll on your reproductive system functions. Data suggests that a semen analysis shows the side effects of smoking, which includes decreased sperm count, reduced sperm’s ability to swim (sperm motility), and poor shaped sperm (poor sperm morphology). The effects of smoking are stronger in infertile men and heavy smokers as compared to those who don’t smoke. Studies also revealed a link between decreased IVF rates and male smoking. Second-hand smoke can also affect the female partner’s fertility. When a man smokes, he not only affecting his reproductive health but also decreases her fertility.

Effects of smoking on semen analysis

Smoking has been shown to have a great impact on semen analysis. Studies have shown a decrease in the quality of semen. Many of you might be thinking how does smoking affect sperm. Men who smoke have decreased sperm concentration, which defines as the number of sperm found in a measured quantity of semen. Sperm motility is another aspect of semen analysis, which refers to the swimming capabilities of the sperm. If the sperms are not a good swimmer, they may find difficulty in reaching the egg, which leads to fertilization. According to research studies, men who smoke are found to experience a 13% decrease in sperm motility. Sperm morphology is also defining the quality of sperm. The term morphology defines the shape of sperm. Oddly shaped sperm can’t swim properly and may not be able to reach the egg where fertilization takes place. Male smokers are believed to have fewer healthy shaped sperm when compared to non-smokers.  Some studies have also found that males smokers have increased DNA fragmentation. DNA damaged sperm may give rise to problems embryo development, increased miscarriage rates, fertilization, and embryo implantation. A hormonal imbalance is most likely to happen in males who smoke, which can affect fertility.

Does smoking cause infertility in men?

The decrease in sperm health, as mentioned above, may not be enough to cause infertility issues in men. A reduction in semen quality doesn’t always contribute to infertility. There are other causes of infertility in male smokers that need to be analysed. Studies connecting decreased pregnancy rates directly to male smoking are still unclear. It is believed that male smokers who are already suffering from mild infertility issues are more likely to experience serious problems associated with reproductive health. If your semen analysis report gives a slight hint of infertility, quitting smoking may help improve your fertility, and you will not need to have additional fertility treatment to get your fertility period back. 

Also Read: 8 Natural Ways to Boost Infertility

Factors affecting fertility in male smokers

Toxins found in cigarette smoke is the main culprit! Smoking exposes men to higher levels of compounds such as lead, cadmium, and metals that are associated with decreased fertility by clinical experts and scientists. Studies have found to have a high level of lead in the semen of infertile male smokers as compared to both infertile and fertile smokers. Moreover, men with significantly high exposure to smoke were found to have higher levels of cadmium in their sperm. Zinc also plays a vital role here. According to studies, male smokers who had lower levels of zinc in their semen had reported poor sperm concentration and shape. Whereas in smokers with normal zinc levels in semen, the degree of sperm concentration, morphology, and motility are abnormality was less.

Smoking is strongly associated with an increased risk of erectile dysfunction. Many studies proved the correlation between smoking and erection problem in men. Quitting will no doubt improve your infertility issues; you can also try medicines to treat infertility to speed up the process.

No specific studies are looking at how long after quitting smoking, and your sperm quality may improve. However, medical experts and doctors suggest that it will take at least three months for sperm cells to reach maturity. Therefore, it is important to allow three months of recovery for improvement after kicking the bad habit.

8 Natural Ways to Boost Infertility

By Steve Marc


There is no doubt that fertility is a rising issue in today’s world. Data suggest that around 6.1 million women ages 18 to 44 experience problem in conceiving a child. The reasons are many, and scientists don’t know all of them yet, research is still going on to known about the causes of infertility. But it is believed that many couples are affected by infertility. The good news is that in many cases, couples boost infertility naturally if they are provided with the right resources.  It is important that you check with a health care specialist to treat the fertility issues by addressing the underlying health issues. Many women also benefit by addressing their nutrition, getting required supplements and improving lifestyle changes.

Natural Fertility Treatment

A lot of women wanting to become pregnant who are unfortunately unable to do so. Thanks to natural fertility treatment options that may help to boost infertility. Let’s have a look at the best 8 natural treatment for infertility in women that can help both the partners.

  1. Eat a healthy diet-
    • One of the most important natural treatment for infertility in women, as with most conditions as to eat a proper diet. Choose to eat organic foods that are free of pesticides that affect estrogen or other hormone production in the body. Organic foods ensure that you are consuming natural ingredients that are free from conventional or synthetic pesticides.
    • Omega 3 fatty acids- omega 3 s can help reduce inflammation, which can promote fertilization. According to research studies, a diet rich in omega 3 fatty acids helps regulate ovulation and improve egg quality. You can find omega 3 in oily fish like tuna, salmon, walnuts, flaxseeds, etc.
    • Foods rich in vitamin c and E- vitamin E plays a crucial role in the proper function of the endocrine system, whereas vitamin C stimulates the process of ovulation and increases sperm count in men.
    • Folate-rich foods- Folate or vitamin B helps in building new cells and prevent birth defects. Increasing folate intake may ensure a healthy pregnancy.
    • Include broccoli, Brussel sprouts, pumpkin seeds, and cabbage in your diet. These vegetables and seeds, helps the liver metabolize the estrogen.
  2. Learn stress management techniques- You will often find reducing stress as a solution to infertility at the bottom of infertility treatments, but it is yet an important natural treatment for infertility in women and men. In today’s busy life, most of us are living with high stress that is often underestimated but is continually impacting our overall health, including reproductive health. This is the reason why many health care specialists emphasize how it is important to decrease or eliminate stress from our lives for overall good health.
  3. Get enough sleep- In addition, to keeping stress levels low, getting adequate sleep is vital for improving fertility. According to research studies, not getting enough hours of sleep each night can directly impact your reproductive health. One should aim for at least 8 hours of sleep per night and do things that bring you joy.
  4. Get moving- engaging in some physical activities is must for hormonal balance in the body. Regular exercise improves mood, sleep, and increase your sexual appetite. Participating in weight training and burst training can effectively balance your hormones.
  5. Essential oils- Essential oils for hormones can be an excellent natural treatment for infertility in women. Oils like roman chamomile, ylang-ylang, and thyme are extremely beneficial for infertile women.
  6. Cut the caffeine- A study suggests that women who consume over 500 mg of caffeine a day take up to one year longer to conceive. Excessive caffeine consumption is also associated with an increased risk of miscarriages.
  7. Maintain a healthy body weight- Weight is the most influential factors when it comes to improving fertility. Underweight is also one of the causes of infertility.  So, to improve your chances of getting pregnant, consider losing weight if you are overweight or obese and gain enough weight if you are underweight.
  8. Increase your Iron intake- Iron supplements play a crucial role in decreasing the risk of ovulatory infertility. Boosting your iron intake may help to boost infertility in women. Prefer taking fertility promoting supplements under the supervision of a health care specialist. 

Final thought Struggling with infertility can be highly upsetting for especially women. With the increasing rates of infertility issues, we must look for natural solutions to boost infertility. It is best to get a good diet, regular exercise, and maintain low-stress levels, and make an effort to minimize our exposure to toxins and chemicals. Don’t underestimate the power of natural infertility treatments and try these to improve your fertility.

Also Read: Guide to Female Infertility

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