Six Most Common Allergy Triggers

By Steve Marc

Allergy triggers

Allergy reactions are hypersensitivity of the immune system to some substances present in the environment. These substances which cause allergic reactions are known as allergens. When an individual comes in contact with the allergens (causes of allergy), the allergic reactions occur. The reactions include hay fever, food allergies, atopic dermatitis, allergic asthma, and anaphylaxis. Symptoms which appear after allergic reactions are red eyes, an itchy rash, sneezing, a runny nose, shortness of breath, or swelling. One can get rid of an allergy reaction by eliminating the causes of allergy from his/her body.

These are the most common things which trigger an allergic reaction: –

  • Dust mites- these are microscopic things which are seen by microscope only. They cause an allergic reaction. The allergic reaction is treated with nasal sprays, antihistamines, or decongestants. Prevention methods are as follows are-
    • Put dust mite covers over the bedding
    • Prefer using hypoallergenic pillows
    • Wash bed sheets and sofa covers weekly in hot water
    • Keep all areas of your home, especially the bedroom, free of stuff that collects dust, such as stuffed animals, curtains, and carpet.
  • Mold- molds are tiny fungi with spores that are present in the air like pollen. They born in damp areas such as basements or bathrooms and piles of leaves or grass. The person when comes in contact with molds they experience sneezing, congestion, itchy and watery eyes, runny nose, and coughing. Treatment is similar to dust mite’s treatment. Preventive methods are-
    • Avoid mold and eliminate such things from your house that encourage their growth.
    • don’t keep plants inside because soil can hold the molds
    • while raking leaves in the fall, wear a mask
  • Animal dander and cockroaches- dander are flecks of skin shed by cats, dogs, and even birds. Dander triggers allergies. Some people also react to the proteins from oil glands in an animal’s skin or proteins from an animal’s saliva. It may take two years or more to develop an allergy like this. It may make you experience symptoms including sneezing, congestion, and itchy and watery eyes. Prevention methods are
    • Stay away from animals that cause allergies.
    • wash your pet every week
    • There are some medications like antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal steroids to help. Immunotherapy might also help.
    • If you have cockroaches’ allergies, be sure to keep trash in closed containers and take it out of your home promptly.
  • Insect sting- if something stung you and you are having an allergic reaction to it. Stay away insects like bees, fire ants, yellow jackets, hornets, and wasps. After the sting from these insects, you can experience pain, swelling, and redness and heat around the sting site. These symptoms can last for a few days. Sometimes people get a dangerous, full-body reaction called anaphylaxis, which needs emergency treatment of allergies. Symptoms of anaphylaxis are as follows-
    • trouble breathing
    • becoming hoarse
    • wheezing
    • swelling around the face, eyelids, ears, mouth, hands or feet
    • feeling dizzy or passing out
    • belly cramps, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea

If you are allergic to insects:

  1. keep insecticide handy, always wear shoes outdoors, and stay from outdoor garbage
  2. Avoid wearing bright colored clothes and using scented cosmetics
  3. Talk to your doctor about allergy shots, and they help prevent anaphylaxis.

Also Read: Keep your Eyes Allergy-Free with these Simple Steps

After getting stung by an insect do this

  1. Try to remove the stinger of the insect. Take an oral antihistamine drug to reduce itching, swelling and hives
  2. Try a pain reliever and use an icepack in order to reduce dull pain caused by the sting. Some people prefer taking corticosteroids to curb swelling and inflammation
  • Food- there are some foods which may cause an allergic reaction. Allergic reaction from food happens just after a few minutes of eating that food. These allergies can be severe and mild. Some people have a life-threatening anaphylactic response from peanuts, so they must avoid peanut in their diet.  Fish, shellfish, nuts, soybeans, wheat, milk, and eggs are among the most common foods that cause allergies.
  • Latex- some people have an allergic reaction to latex such present in gloves, condoms, or other things. During the latex allergy reactions, these symptoms appear
    • teary, irritated eyes
    • runny nose
    • wheezing
    • sneezing

It’s less common, but some people can have anaphylaxis from latex. For the treatment of allergies use antihistamines. Preventive methods are staying away from latex

  1. wear a bracelet that leads people to know you have a latex allergy
  2. Consult your doctor immediately if you have an anaphylactic reaction and use an epinephrine auto-injector.

5 Remedies to Stop Vomiting

By Stella Green

Remedies to stop vomiting

In most cases, vomiting will stop without specific medical attention. The majority of cases are caused by a viral infection and will get better on their own; hence, there is no need for medical treatment of emesis. Also, one should never use over the counter or prescription medications unless your health care specialist has specifically prescribed them for treating a particular illness.

Today, there is such a wide spread of food choices, at times, stomach flu, or fever, food poisoning becomes unavoidable. One cannot always determine the freshness and cleanliness of food available at grocery shops or other eateries. Bacteria or germs that can’t be seen through naked eyes may act as a trigger and create a network of symptoms that cause stomach discomfort and vomiting. Vomiting occurs as a reflex action and most of the time, and it is not under our control. On consumption of unwanted or infected food, the body’s defence system mechanism causes it to throw out the undigested substances in the form of vomiting. Other bodily changes often accompany puking or vomiting. Many individuals also witness a fainting feeling before and during emesis. It is the sick feeling that indicates the occurrence of vomiting, although, it does not necessarily mean that you will vomit. The sick feeling could be a result of stress and tension. Moving sickness is one of the causes of emesis. Some people feel discomfort during long car drives and get a feeling of nausea.

Overeating can be a cause of Vomiting

Other causes of emesis include acid reflux and excessive eating. Unknowingly, some people consume food that is beyond the ability of their stomach to digest it easily. Overeating can result in vomiting. Alcohol is another cause since it is known to disrupt the natural lining if the gut, it may cause massive uneasiness. Eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia are inherent causes of emesis. Those who suffer from these ailments may forcefully vomit out the food consumed to achieve a particular body image. Other than these, there are severe underlying health conditions that may make you vomit. These medical threats include migraines, appendicitis, tumours or other headaches. Antiemetic drugs prescribed by a health care specialist may prevent vomiting and make you feel better. Consult your health care professional to get one that suits your condition.

Prevention Remedies:

  • Deep breathing works- Take a deep breath through a nose that gets directly into your lungs. Make sure your abdomen expands as your breath in. Exhale slowly through mouth or nose, relaxing the belly after each breath. Repeat this deep breathing exercise several times. As per research studies, deep breathing exercise activates the parasympathetic nervous system, which keeps the biological response that leads to motion sickness in check. Taking deep and controlled breaths helps you to get rid of the anxiety that is common during sickness.
  • Ginger- Crush a piece of ginger and add it in water. Add a teaspoon of honey to this and sip this solution slowly throughout the day. Ginger has properties that can ease stomach irritation and provide instant relief. Another simple yet effective way to consume ginger is by making a fresh ginger tea. Add freshly grated ginger to boiling water. Steep the water for ten minutes and strain before drinking.
  • Sugar and saltwater- Vomiting causes an imbalance of various levels of salts in the body, including sodium, potassium, etc. Drinking a mixture of salt and sugar in water has the potential to balance the electrolyte levels into the normal range and allow effective functioning of the body. The solution prevents dehydration and weakness of the body. The solution is often called electoral and is extremely beneficial for kids. It reduces the need for ant-emetic drugs.
  • Drink more fluids- If you are vomiting, it becomes critically important to drink plenty of fluids to help prevent dehydration. Even at times you vomit fluids back up. Sip fluids slowly because drinking fast or drinking too much may upset your stomach, which triggers you to vomit more. Fluids that help you keep dehydrated and also helps with nausea are:
  1. Lemonade- A glass of water with lemons squeezed in it has essential vitamins and minerals that act as an obstacle to vomiting and thus stop it immediately. For added taste, you can add some honey into the solution.
  2. Orange juice- Freshly prepared orange juice has essential vitamins, minerals and essential nutrients that help bring the blood pressure levels in the normal range. You can also consume oranges in for of salad. The citrus flavour of fruit helps to avoid the feeling of nausea and vomiting.
  • Cloves- Sucking a piece of clove can bring an immediate stop to vomiting. Cloves reduce the sensitivity of the mouth and bring a change in your taste buds.

Also Read: Enough of Nausea and Vomiting, Now Get Rid of it Using Effective Home Remedies!

Truth about Alcohol and Sleep

By Moiz

alcohol and sleep

You might be aware of other side effects of alcohol, including kidney problem, liver impairment, lung damage, etc. but hardly thought about its impact on the sleep cycle of a human being. Read on to discover how and regular drinking can disrupt your sleep patterns and find out the solutions for sleeplessness.

When you had a long and busy day, a drink or two helps you fall asleep. Alcohol might help you sleep, but many of you would be unaware of the fact that even a small glass can affect the quality of your sleep. Moreover, if you are drinking more than 14 units per week, you may find you wake up with the feeling of tiredness and restlessness.

How alcohol disrupts sleep cycle?

Do you think alcohol helps in sleep? For some people, the answer is yes. Data suggests that nearly 15-20% of the American population will prefer alcohol before sleep as they think it relaxes the mind and makes you fall asleep. Many research studies revealed that whether you have one or have many glasses of alcohol regularly, it will harm your body or that way. Drinking frequently can hurt your sleep patterns, making you feel tired and sluggish. When you consume an alcohol beverage, you may quickly and deeply fall asleep. This is the reason why many people prefer drinking alcohol before bed, and these include especially those who have insomnia or other sleep disorders. People get low quality sleep following alcohol because:

  • It blocks REM sleep, which is believed to be the most restorative type of sleep. You are likely to wake up weak and unfocused.
  • It can interrupt your circadian rhythm. Alcohol may affect the production of certain chemicals in the body that are responsible for triggering sleep, especially when you have a busy day or had enough sleep. When you drink, the production of a sleep-inducing chemical in the brain starts increasing, which cause you to sleep quickly. But it subsides very quickly, which is is why you wake up with a feeling that you haven’t had rest.
  • It increases bathroom tour especially during the second half of the night
  • Sleeping dis-ordered breathing and snoring is another risk in alcohol sleep.

These are some common side effects of alcohol if you get any of the problems highlighted above, talk to a physician for advice.

Also Read: Lack of Sleep seems to Triple the Risk of Asthma

Tips for a night sleep

Many things can help you fall asleep without alcohol. In the early era, people suggest going for meditation, music and walk. Try the following solutions for sleeplessness:

  • Meditation: meditation is an Indian Vedic remedy, which is now a day very popular in almost every part of the world. It is focusing on breathing in and out. That will eventually help in having a good sleep. Meditation relaxes the brain and cool down the body temperature by giving a normal circulation of blood.
  • Music: there is nobody in the world who don’t like or listen to music. According to a study, those who listen can easily make their mind relax. Once the mind, or in a comfortable position, it can make you fall asleep.
  • Reading: one of the oldest methods to make one sleep. Nearly 40% of American are in the habit of reading at night. When we read it to distract our mind and make it tired, and once our mind is tired, it gives a signal to sleep.
  • Walk: late night or after dinner walk is very important. It not only helps in digesting food, but it also freshens up mind n relaxes it.

So, to have a happy heart and relax mind it not necessary to take alcohol, but it is important to make certain changes in lifestyle, which can eventually give you a better stress-free sleep.

How Does Diabetes Affect Your Blood Pressure?

By Stella Green

Diabetes Affects Blood Pressure

About 25% of people with Type 2 diabetes have high blood pressure or hypertension. Now the question arises diabetes and hypertension are related? The answer is YES!

Both are related. Let us first understand what diabetes is? When blood sugar increases reason when the body cannot use the glucose properly, or there is a problem with insulin level in the blood called diabetes. Hypertension is directly or indirectly related to diabetes. It is observed, that most of the people who have diabetes are also suffering from hypertension, ultimately resulting in heart problems like stroke blood circulation etc. 

Diabetes affects arteries that cause high blood pressure and if not treated on time can further make the patient suffer to other medical conditions like heart attack, kidney failure, blood vessel damage. The effects of diabetes can be reversed with the help of medications.

Now, what should be the normal blood pressure? Usually, it should be 120/80, and it varies from person to person.  But for a person with diabetes, it should not exceed to 130/80. The first or top number is when your heart squeezes and fills the vessel with blood that pressure is systolic pressure. The second number is when your soul rest between the beat, fill itself with blood for the next contraction that pressure is diastolic pressure.

Symptoms of Blood Pressure

Generally, there is no symptom, but one should get regular check-up of blood pressure from the doctor and can keep the records for future references.

Symptoms of Diabetes

Diabetes has many symptoms like thirst, frequent urination fatigue, blurred vision, and increased hunger, even genetic at time.

How is diabetes related to blood pressure?

When you have diabetes, there is a 99% chance that you have blood pressure or hypertension because, as mentioned above, diabetes damages the arteries and affect the heart. In a study, it is found that 3 out of 1 person is suffering from both hypertension and diabetes both, which makes a deadly combination.

Three things increase blood pressure:

  • Increases the amount of fluid in the body
  • Change the way the body manages the insulin
  • Decreases the blood vessel ability to stretch

They co-exist because they have similar risk factors like unhealthy diet, overweight or obesity, inactive lifestyle.

Lifestyle plays a very important role in both diabetes and blood pressure, many times we don’t understand but our work stress, bad eating habits, excessive tension, wakefulness, round the clock working hours, no exercise can also make one suffer. 

Also Read: Does Hair Loss and Diabetes Have a Relation?

How to control blood pressure?

To avoid these sufferings, one needs to make some lifestyle changes like weight loss, more emphasis on good eating habits, avoid late night sleeping, etc. once the lifestyle is set, one can easily control blood pressure and can get rid of the effects of diabetes.

Other causes of blood pressure and diabetes include:

Weight loss: obesity is the biggest enemies for any diseases nearly 40% of Americans suffer from obesity, and it is the first stage of being diabetic and experiencing uncontrolled blood pressure, so it is very important to reduce weight and lead to a healthy lifestyle.

Alcohol and smoking: Alcohol and smoking increase blood pressure, which is not good for the heart. Doctor advise to quit smoking and reduce alcohol to one or glass in a week.

Healthy diet: A good eating habit keeps the body happy and healthier. To reduce the effects of diabetes and control blood pressure, a healthy diet and super food should be there in the lifestyle.

Medications for diabetes and blood pressure Once a patient is diagnosed with diabetes and blood pressure, they should quickly start medicinal treatment before it gets worse. Diabetes medications are for a lifetime. However, there are very few people who can recover from it or can reduce the medicine intake. But exceptions are always there with the determination and positive lifestyle one can fight the battle of diabetes and blood pressure and can win also.

Diet for Healthy and Younger Looking Skin

By Steve Marc

diet for healthy skin

Today people are more aware of a healthy diet, which will eventually result in good health and younger looking skin. A healthy diet can do miracle, especially for those conscious about their health and skin. Who doesn’t want to look young even in their 40’s and 50’s? For healthy and more youthful skin, it is essential to take a healthy skin diet. Here we are not discussing only food choices like salads, beans, etc. but we are asking to add more of antioxidants to the diet so that they nourish the skin deeply and give you the glow that you have had in your 20’s.

There are many advanced technologies to make one look younger, but in the long term, it has a drastic impact on the skin like a dark circle, patches, and wrinkles. Drinking water, consuming fresh fruits and green leafy vegetables is the simplest way to boost your skin glow and keep skin functioning at their best. Adding more vitamins, antioxidant, and other superfoods can do wonder.

What are those super foods that need to be added in your daily routine, have a look below?


Watermelon as the name suggests, it contains more water which is known to be one of the highest sources of hydration. The fruits also have lycopene, which can defend against skin aging and to maintain the youthful glow in your skin. Watermelon is also enriched with the goodness of vitamin C and K, calcium, magnesium, protein.


Pomegranate is rich in vitamin C. It is an antioxidant which helps in protecting free radicals and promote healthy skin.


Another antioxidant, Blueberries are rich in vitamin C and K. If you are aging, then it’s the time to add a lot of blueberries to your diet to provide healthy skin glow. They also reduce pigmentation and aging symptoms like the fine line and dark spots, leaving a youthful complexion.


It is an Indian culinary which has many positive effects. Having turmeric with milk can give you radiant skin. The natural herb has anti-inflammatory properties that help protect skin from harmful rays of the sun.

Chia Seeds

Chia seeds are rich in omega 3 essential fatty acids that keep skin hydrated and breathable. Chia seed erases blemish, soften wrinkles, and gives a healthy glow to the skin.


Antioxidants with a high content of vitamin C, Tomatoes provide hydration to the skin. It is a citrus fruit which contains lycopene helps in reducing wrinkles and other signs of aging.


Strawberries filter out the toxin present in the body. Rich in vitamin C and helps reducing aging and provide flawless skin.

Also Read: Connection between Oily Skin & Acne

Citrus Fruits

Citrus fruits like orange, lemon, and grapes are the excellent source of antioxidants and rich in many essential vitamins like C, k, and E. Adding citrus fruits to the diet can do wonders for your skin. From reducing signs of aging to keeping it hydrated and fresh for a long time, it is beneficial in every way.


Every day has a handful of soaked almond, and you’re free from all your skin worries. Almonds are rich in vitamin E and are considered a superfood that protects from sun damage. Nuts like almonds can do wonder to your body as well. To help to maintain a healthy weight, it is important to add enough nuts to your diet.

Green tea

One of the best ways to keep hydrated is to have green tea hot or cold any way you like. Green tea has vitamin b12 and polyphenols that are extremely beneficial in boosting the energy and antioxidant removes wrinkles.


Garlic has the detoxification, antioxidant, and antibacterial properties that help protect skin from ageing effect. For best results, have 2 -3 cloves a day. This will help boost the immune system as well and fight from ageing.

A dream of beautiful and healthy skin can be fulfilled if one incorporates a healthy skin diet to their routine. Add these above-highlighted superfoods to the daily diet to look healthy, fresh, radiant, and glowing naturally. Follow these skin care tips to look young inside and out.

10 Exercises to Tone Your Body

By Moiz

bodyweight exercises

Your body is your closest ally and going to stay with you the entire life, literally. So, you need to take the best care of it. And the key mantras for a healthy and lean body remain the same – exercise and diet. Who does not want a lean body? While a high-intensity regime may be difficult, there are simple exercises which everyone can attempt. These bodyweight exercises don’t require any equipment or gym memberships. Just some free space and some willpower, and you are good to go.

We all know that daily exercise is good for overall health. Here are some tips for weight loss and lean body that can help you get in shape.

  • 1. Plank: Plank helps strengthen the spine, and tones arms, upper body, and abs.
  • Place your body obliquely to the ground with arms straight out, shoulder width apart. Body weight is on palms and toes
  • Bend elbow and rest your weight on forearms
  • The body should be straight from shoulders to ankles
  • Hold the position
  • 2. Push up: A wholesome exercise helps tones your upper body, arms, shoulders, and chest
  • Start in a plank position. The palms should point in the same direction as the body.
  • Hold your lower body and push your chest towards the floor. Hold it two inches above the floor
  • Attempt to keep your arms close to the body
  • Push the upper body back up 
  • 3. Side Planks: An excellent exercise for sides and glutes
  • Lay on your side with your forearm flat on the floor, elbow lined up directly under shoulder and both legs extended out in a line.
  • Feet can either be staggered or stacked
  • Lift your hips off the floor, forming a straight line from head to feet and hold
  • 4. Squats: Squats helps strengthen the core, lower back and leg muscles
  • Keep your feet shoulder width apart. Stretch your arms forward
  • Bend the knees and lower your upper body as if trying to sit on a chair.
  • The lower legs should not protrude forward, and the spine should be as erect as possible
  • Hold the position for a second and stand back in normal position.
  • 5. Lunges: A complete workout for the lower body including hips, glutes, quads, hamstrings, and core
  • Stand with feet hip-width apart.
  • Take a step forward with right leg, so the heel hits the floor
  • Lower the body until right thigh is parallel to the floor and right shin is vertical. Lightly tap the left knee to the ground
  • Drive back up to starting position and repeat on the other side.
  • 6. Jumping jack: It is a cardio routine for overall toning of the body
  • Stand up with legs together, arms at sides
  • Jump and widen your legs and simultaneously stretch your arms above your head. Try to clap
  • Jump back in a standing position
  • Repeat with more pace
  • 7. Butt kicks: This cardio move strengthens hamstrings and thighs
  • Start standing tall and bring one heel off the floor towards your hips, the opposite hand comes up towards your shoulder like running arms
  • Try to tap the butt with the raised heel
  • Switch to the other side like in a running motion
  • Do a timed exercise

Also Read: Supplements for Instant Weight Loss

  • 8. Leg raise: It is extremely effective for your abs and hips
  • Lie on your back, legs straight and together.
  • Lift your legs to the ceiling making a 90-degree angle at the butt
  • Slowly lower your legs back down till they’re just above the floor. Hold for a moment.
  • Raise your legs back up.
  • 9. Mountain climbing: This cardio routine is a full-body exercise for legs, arms, and abs
  • Start in plank position
  • Pull your right knee into your chest. Pull your abs in tighter
  • Switch and pull the left knee into chest using the same form. Simultaneously push your right leg back.
  • Continue to switch knees in “running” motion.
  • 10. Glute bridge: A good exercise for hips, and core
  • Lie on the floor with knees bent, feet on the ground, and arms at sides with palms facing down.
  • Raise your hips off the ground by squeezing your core, glutes, and hamstrings. Upper back and shoulders should still be in contact with the ground. The core down to the knees should be in a straight line.
  • Hold for as long as possible and return to the starting position.

A healthy body and mind can help to achieve many milestones, just follow the tips for weight loss highlighted above.

7 Home Remedies for Alzheimer

By Steve Marc


Alzheimer is a neurological disease which means loss of cognitive ability, diminished memory, dementia, and loss of ability to work or to perform the simple task of life. People with Alzheimer’s disease starts forgetting how to perform daily simple activities like eating, cleaning, drinking, washing, and eventually lead to complete memory loss. Consult neurologist to know the right treatment for Alzheimer’s for your loved one.

People with an age group of 60-65 and above are most likely to be affected by this brain disorder. There are no specified causes of Alzheimer’s, but it can be due to loneliness, depression, and old age. Over some time, the condition leads to dementia, decreased thinking and working ability. In the medical world, there is no proper treatment for Alzheimer’s; however, medications are there to slow down the progression of the disease. But one can make certain effort to improve the Alzheimer condition by including a healthy diet, right medication, meditation, yoga, making patient social to the society can help the patient to recover gradually.

Home Remedies for Alzheimer’s

  1. Meditation-Meditation is an old Indian Vedic process to cure many diseases. Alzheimer is one of them; it a method to relax the mind and get the feeling of peace. Meditation is a perfect exercise for the mind, and it helps the mind to create a new connection and restore the damage and reactivate the nervous system. Meditation boosts the brain towards positive sign like regaining the cognitive ability, help in restoring the old memories, provide peace and happiness, send a positive sign to the brain.
  2. Healthy diet-A well-balanced diet is essential for a healthy and fit body.  Once the body is physically fit, the brain start function well, enhancing our neurological system, thereby increasing the thinking ability. A healthy diet should include nuts, berries, and soaked almonds.
  3. Exercise or workout-Exercise and workout release many happy hormones in the body and brain. It keeps one in shape as well as provide a positive sign to the brain.
  4. Social or meeting people-Social involvement is always a good sign of a healthy brain. When we are happy, we want to be social, and when sad, we don’t feel like even hanging with our besties. But being socially active helps releases stress, relax mind, make you laugh, make you cry. Loneliness is the biggest illness once your mind is habitual of being alone; it starts making your body feel sick, tired, and grumpy. Being social make you feel happy, surrounded by people, is always joyful.
  5. Avoid alcohol and tobacco-A study shows that excessive smoking and alcohol increases the risk of dementia, a type of Alzheimer. This reduces the blood supply to the brain. By reducing the intake of alcohol and smoking, one can increase the blood supply and provide an adequate amount of blood and oxygen to the brain, consequently letting it function optimally.
  6. Absorbing sunshine-Sunshine is rich in vitamin D. Most of the people complain that they have pain in legs, their mind is not relaxed, they feel tiredness in the body; the reason is they don’t go in the sun. Means leaving your comfort level like couch bed and sitting in park bench is important. Vitamin d helps in reducing stress and protecting one from neurodegenerative disorder. 
  7. Aromatherapy-Therapy is good for the overall body. Aromatherapy comprises essential oils that help enhance well-being. People taking Aromatherapy are found more relaxed, calm and fresh, and these all things improves the thinking ability of a patient.

There are home remedies for Alzheimer’s disease, but above mention prevention is not the core solution to rely on. A patient should be given the treatment for Alzheimer’s along with these home remedies.

Also Read: Can Diet Prevent Alzheimer’s disease?

What Are the 7 Stages of Alzheimer’s?

By Steve Marc


Alzheimer’s disease is a brain disorder that progress with time and causes brain cells to degenerate and die. Alzheimer’s disease is the starting phase of dementia, which is a continuous decline in thinking, behavioural and social skills that interfere with the person’s ability to function independently. The early signs of the Alzheimer’s include forgetting of recent events and the disease slowly lead to severe memory impairment and lose the ability to carry out everyday tasks. No treatment cures Alzheimer’s or alters the progression of disease in the brain. But there are medicines for Alzheimer’s to help stop the disease progression and restore brain function. People with advanced stage Alzheimer’s experience complications from severe loss of brain function- such as dehydration, malnutrition or infection- result in death. Every individual with Alzheimer’s experience the disease differently, but people tend to experience a similar disease pattern from the beginning of the illness to its end. Some experts suggest a simple three-phase model (early, moderate and end period), while others have found a granular breakdown to be a more useful aid to understanding the progression of the illness.

Stages of Alzheimer’s disease-

Stage 1- it’s the stage where this disease is not detectable, and no memory problems or the other signs of Alzheimer’s are evident.

Stage 2- Very mild impairment

The elders may notice memory issues that are minor or lose things around the house. The patient will be still good on memory tests and loved ones or physicians will not detect the disease.

Stage 3- Mild Decline

At this stage, the family and friends of the elders may notice the memory degeneration. Performance on memory tests will degrade, and physicians will be able to detect cognitive function impairment.

Patient in stage 3 will have problems in many ways, including:

  • Finding the right word during conversations
  • Organizing and planning
  • Remembering names of few family and friends
  • Forgetting material that one has just read
  • Losing or misplacing objects

Stage 4- Moderate Decline

In this stage of Alzheimer’s disease, clear-cut signs of the Alzheimer’s are apparent. People with stage four of Alzheimer’s disease:

  • Have difficulty with simple arithmetic
  • Have poor short-term memory which means one may not even recall what they ate for breakfast
  • Inability to manage finance and pay bills
  • May forget details about their life histories

Also Read: Diet Plays a Role in Alzheimer’s disease Prevention

Stage 5- A Moderately severe decline

During this stage of the disease, individuals with Alzheimer’s need help with many simple daily activities. Alzheimer’s patient in stage five of the disease may experience the following symptoms of Alzheimer’s:

  • Difficulty dressing appropriately
  • Difficulty recalling even your phone number
  • Significant confusion

During this stage, people in stage five maintain functionality, and they can do daily activities by themselves. They typically can still bathe and toiled independently. They still know their family members and some details about their personal histories, especially their childhood and youth. This is the longest stage of the disease and can last for many years. As the disease progress, the person with Alzheimer’s disease will require a greater level of care.

Stage 6- Severe decline

People with this stage of Alzheimer’s need constant supervision and frequently professional help and care. They need to be adequately examined, and the symptoms of Alzheimer’swhich appear during this stage are as follows-

  • Confusion or unawareness of environment and surroundings
  • Inability to recognize familiar faces except for the closest friends and family
  • Inability to memorize details of personal history
  • Loss of bladder and bowel control
  • Significant personality changes and potential behavior problems
  • The need for assistance with simple activities such as toileting and bathing
  • Forgetting address and wandering

Stage 7- a Very severe decline This is referred to as the final stage of Alzheimer’s disease. This disease is a terminal illness, people in stage seven are nearing death, and during this stage, people lose the ability to communicate or respond to their environment. They are only able to utter some words and phrases; they have no insight into their condition and need help with all activities of daily living. In this stage of Alzheimer’s, people may lose their ability to swallow. People at this stage become prone to infections, especially pneumonia, and they experience changes in physical abilities. The people in this stage require the constant presence of family near them to take care of them.

Does Smoke Decrease the Sperm Count?

By Stella Green

smoke effect on sperm

Can smoking affect your sperm count? You may already know that smoking is bad for health, and it has been linked to an increased risk for many cancers, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease and number of other health problems. More recently, researchers have begun to explore the association between smoking and reproductive health. According to studies, smoking is one of the major causes of infertility. Kicking the bad habit followed by medicinal treatment may help. A variety of medicines to treat infertility are available that can be best used under the supervision of a doctor. Read below to learn more about the side effects of smoking.

Smoking & Infertility

Infertility defines as the inability to achieve pregnancy even after a year of regular unprotected intercourse. Data suggests that about 15% of all couples attempting to become parents face some form of infertility issues. Although half of the cases of infertility are due to female factors, Malefactors are the cause of approximately 30% of couples. Moreover, In 20% of a couple, both male and female elements are responsible for infertility. Studies revealed that male factor fertility plays a crucial in about 50% of all couple who are facing some infertility problems. The toxins in the cigarette not only hurt your lungs and respiratory tract but also take a toll on your reproductive system functions. Data suggests that a semen analysis shows the side effects of smoking, which includes decreased sperm count, reduced sperm’s ability to swim (sperm motility), and poor shaped sperm (poor sperm morphology). The effects of smoking are stronger in infertile men and heavy smokers as compared to those who don’t smoke. Studies also revealed a link between decreased IVF rates and male smoking. Second-hand smoke can also affect the female partner’s fertility. When a man smokes, he not only affecting his reproductive health but also decreases her fertility.

Effects of smoking on semen analysis

Smoking has been shown to have a great impact on semen analysis. Studies have shown a decrease in the quality of semen. Many of you might be thinking how does smoking affect sperm. Men who smoke have decreased sperm concentration, which defines as the number of sperm found in a measured quantity of semen. Sperm motility is another aspect of semen analysis, which refers to the swimming capabilities of the sperm. If the sperms are not a good swimmer, they may find difficulty in reaching the egg, which leads to fertilization. According to research studies, men who smoke are found to experience a 13% decrease in sperm motility. Sperm morphology is also defining the quality of sperm. The term morphology defines the shape of sperm. Oddly shaped sperm can’t swim properly and may not be able to reach the egg where fertilization takes place. Male smokers are believed to have fewer healthy shaped sperm when compared to non-smokers.  Some studies have also found that males smokers have increased DNA fragmentation. DNA damaged sperm may give rise to problems embryo development, increased miscarriage rates, fertilization, and embryo implantation. A hormonal imbalance is most likely to happen in males who smoke, which can affect fertility.

Does smoking cause infertility in men?

The decrease in sperm health, as mentioned above, may not be enough to cause infertility issues in men. A reduction in semen quality doesn’t always contribute to infertility. There are other causes of infertility in male smokers that need to be analysed. Studies connecting decreased pregnancy rates directly to male smoking are still unclear. It is believed that male smokers who are already suffering from mild infertility issues are more likely to experience serious problems associated with reproductive health. If your semen analysis report gives a slight hint of infertility, quitting smoking may help improve your fertility, and you will not need to have additional fertility treatment to get your fertility period back. 

Also Read: 8 Natural Ways to Boost Infertility

Factors affecting fertility in male smokers

Toxins found in cigarette smoke is the main culprit! Smoking exposes men to higher levels of compounds such as lead, cadmium, and metals that are associated with decreased fertility by clinical experts and scientists. Studies have found to have a high level of lead in the semen of infertile male smokers as compared to both infertile and fertile smokers. Moreover, men with significantly high exposure to smoke were found to have higher levels of cadmium in their sperm. Zinc also plays a vital role here. According to studies, male smokers who had lower levels of zinc in their semen had reported poor sperm concentration and shape. Whereas in smokers with normal zinc levels in semen, the degree of sperm concentration, morphology, and motility are abnormality was less.

Smoking is strongly associated with an increased risk of erectile dysfunction. Many studies proved the correlation between smoking and erection problem in men. Quitting will no doubt improve your infertility issues; you can also try medicines to treat infertility to speed up the process.

No specific studies are looking at how long after quitting smoking, and your sperm quality may improve. However, medical experts and doctors suggest that it will take at least three months for sperm cells to reach maturity. Therefore, it is important to allow three months of recovery for improvement after kicking the bad habit.

Can Diet Help to Manage Asthma?

By Stella Green

diet for asthma

Fresh fruits and vegetables are full of antioxidants which may improve your respiratory system health and manage asthma. Aim to eat a well-balanced diet that includes enough fish oil to help avoid asthma attacks.

Eat well to breathe well

It’s no secret that a well-balanced diet keeps you overall healthy including your lungs. Eating the right foods with the right amount of nutrients can provide you enough energy to stay active throughout the day, supports your immune system to fight against infections and disease. the right nutrients in your diet can help you breathe easier by minimizing asthma symptoms. there is no specific diet for asthma, but there are foods choices you can make to support your lung function following the asthma medicines recommended by your doctor.

How diet is related to Asthma?

it is believed that a good diet is a crucial part of your overall asthma treatment. Being overweight or obese may increase your risk of getting severe asthma, so it is important to improve your dietary patterns and to maintain a healthy weight. Researchers suggest that what you eat has a direct impact on your lung function and asthma. According to various research studies, people who eat foods that are rich in vitamin C, flavonoids, selenium, magnesium, beta carotene, and omega 3 fatty acids are less likely to have asthma attacks. These foods have a high number of antioxidants that helps protect skin cells from damage. Those who do not include enough amount of colorful fruits and green vegetables in their diet are more likely to experience poor lung function. Studies also suggest that those who eat more fruits such as apple, grapes, tomatoes, and nuts are less likely to get asthma symptoms. 

Dietary tips for preventing asthma

As mentioned above, there is no specific diet for asthma that your health care specialist r may recommend you stop the progression of asthma. But it is always a good choice to pick healthy and nutritious foods to avoid worsening of asthma. Create a healthy serving plate Try at every meal, emphasizing more eating fresh fruits, green vegetables, enough proteins, and vitamins to stay active through physical activity. Follow these tips good to breathe well and avoid asthma symptoms:

  • Eat Omega 3s- Include foods rich in omega 3 fatty acids, the essential fatty acids are majorly found in fish like tuna, salmon, and sardines. Vegetarians can go with Plant sources such as flaxseeds that are extremely beneficial for overall health. However, no evidence proves the benefits of omega 3 fatty acids for asthma patients, but it’s still a good choice to include in your diet.
  • Include more fruits and vegetables in your diet- It is still not known what those specific fruits and vegetables that might reduce asthma are, so the best advice is to add as much as a wide variety of them.
  • Avoid high caloric food items- Eating more calories that you may be able to burn contributes to weight gain. This is bad not only for your general health but also for your asthma. Studies suggest that obese people are more likely to experience severe asthma symptoms. In the same studies, such people were found to take more medicines for asthma and miss more work than people who maintain a healthy weight.

Also Read: Can Drinking Alcohol Trigger an Asthma Attack

  • Do not consider trans fats and omega 6 fatty acids- According to some research studies, eating trans fats and omega 6 fatty acids may worsen asthma. Processed foods and margarine come under these food categories. Such food can cause serious health condition such as heart problems.
  • Say no to preservatives- Sulphites that are generally used to keep food fresh and to inhibit the growth of old can trigger temporary asthma symptoms such as coughing wheezing and breathing difficulties. Sulfur dioxide produces by sulfites can irritate your lungs. However, the use of sulphite in fruits and vegetables is no longer considered, but they are still used in many processed foods dried fruits, canned wines, and other food items. 
  • Keep an eye on food allergies- Many people have food intolerances such as lactose intolerance, but these are not considered as true allergies and rarely causes or worsen asthma symptoms. Very few people with asthma have true food allergies to eggs, milk, peanuts, shellfish, and other foods. If you have asthma, then exposing to even a small amount of food to which you are allergic to can cause life-threatening symptoms such as shortness of breath and severe wheezing that required immediate asthma medication.

To manage asthma, it is always a good idea to consult your health care specialist before making any crucial dietary changes. Depending on your asthma diagnosis, your health care provider might give you specific dietary advice followed by medicines for asthma to improve your condition and stop the disease progression.