Allergy reactions are
hypersensitivity of the immune system to some substances present in the
environment. These substances which cause allergic reactions are known as
allergens. When an individual comes in contact with the allergens (causes of allergy), the allergic
reactions occur. The reactions include hay fever, food allergies, atopic
dermatitis, allergic asthma, and anaphylaxis. Symptoms which appear after
allergic reactions are red eyes, an itchy rash, sneezing, a runny nose,
shortness of breath, or swelling. One can get rid of an allergy reaction by
eliminating the causes of allergy from
These are the most common things
which trigger an allergic reaction: –
Dust mites- these are microscopic things which are seen by microscope only. They cause an allergic reaction. The allergic reaction is treated with nasal sprays, antihistamines, or decongestants. Prevention methods are as follows are-
Put dust mite covers over the bedding
Prefer using hypoallergenic pillows
Wash bed sheets and sofa covers weekly in hot water
Keep all areas of your home, especially the bedroom, free of stuff that collects dust, such as stuffed animals, curtains, and carpet.
Mold- molds are tiny fungi with spores that are present in the air like pollen. They born in damp areas such as basements or bathrooms and piles of leaves or grass. The person when comes in contact with molds they experience sneezing, congestion, itchy and watery eyes, runny nose, and coughing. Treatment is similar to dust mite’s treatment. Preventive methods are-
Avoid mold and eliminate such things from your house that encourage their growth.
don’t keep plants inside because soil can hold the molds
while raking leaves in the fall, wear a mask
Animal dander and cockroaches- dander are flecks of skin shed by cats, dogs, and even birds. Dander triggers allergies. Some people also react to the proteins from oil glands in an animal’s skin or proteins from an animal’s saliva. It may take two years or more to develop an allergy like this. It may make you experience symptoms including sneezing, congestion, and itchy and watery eyes. Prevention methods are
Stay away from animals that cause allergies.
wash your pet every week
There are some medications like antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal steroids to help. Immunotherapy might also help.
If you have cockroaches’ allergies, be sure to keep trash in closed containers and take it out of your home promptly.
Insect sting- if something stung you and you are having an allergic reaction to it. Stay away insects like bees, fire ants, yellow jackets, hornets, and wasps. After the sting from these insects, you can experience pain, swelling, and redness and heat around the sting site. These symptoms can last for a few days. Sometimes people get a dangerous, full-body reaction called anaphylaxis, which needs emergency treatment of allergies. Symptoms of anaphylaxis are as follows-
swelling around the face, eyelids, ears, mouth, hands or feet
feeling dizzy or passing out
belly cramps, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
If you are
allergic to insects:
keep insecticide handy, always wear shoes outdoors, and stay from outdoor garbage
Avoid wearing bright colored clothes and using scented cosmetics
Talk to your doctor about allergy shots, and they help prevent anaphylaxis.
Try to remove the stinger of the insect. Take an oral antihistamine drug to reduce itching, swelling and hives
Try a pain reliever and use an icepack in order to reduce dull pain caused by the sting. Some people prefer taking corticosteroids to curb swelling and inflammation
are some foods which may cause an allergic reaction. Allergic reaction from
food happens just after a few minutes of eating that food. These allergies can
be severe and mild. Some people have a life-threatening anaphylactic response
from peanuts, so they must avoid peanut in their diet. Fish, shellfish, nuts, soybeans, wheat, milk,
and eggs are among the most common foods that cause allergies.
Latex- some people have an allergic reaction to latex such present in gloves, condoms, or other things. During the latex allergy reactions, these symptoms appear
teary, irritated eyes
It’s less common, but some people can
have anaphylaxis from latex. For the treatment of allergiesuse antihistamines. Preventive methods are staying away from latex
wear a bracelet that leads people to know you have a latex allergy
Consult your doctor immediately if you have an anaphylactic reaction and use an epinephrine auto-injector.
Change of weather is a huge problem
for most Americans, starting from spring to frost. When spring comes people get
excited, to wear easy summer clothes, they like doing yoga in the park,
jogging, sipping iced tea or cold coffee, etc. but there is one thing that can
spoil all the excitement is Allergy. The warning signs of an allergy could be a
head cold, slight fever, cough, etc. and as time passes it becomes miserable
for some people. However, there are ways to prevent allergy which includes medications and certain lifestyle
Allergy gives you sneezing, watery
eyes, running nose, itching, etc. Nearly 35% of adults and 45% of children have
seasonal allergies. People use a nasal spray, eye drops, antihistamines, and
decongestants to reduce allergic symptoms. There are other medications as well
that can help to eliminate the allergy. Nevertheless, medicines for allergy
can give instant relief to your immune system, but there are some lifestyle
habits as well that are extremely beneficial.
Prevention from Allergy
Close windows and doors completely- Maybe it’s a beautiful
day, but if the pollen count is high, it’s important to stay in. Install an air
purifier, or switch on the air conditioner to get rid of that dust and dirt.
Washing face / taking a bath- Washing hand and face is a very good
habit, but if you are prone to allergy, then it is necessary for you to wash
your hands and face every time you come from outside. The reason maybe we are
carrying some bacteria or any germs. Take a shower, change clothes and keep
your shoes outside at the door.
Clothes- There are times when we get allergic to clothes, the reason
may tight fit clothes, and fabric, etc. It is advisable to wear more of linen
or cotton in the summer.
Use saline spray- Saline spray help to get relieve you
from allergy. There are many nasal sprays like Flonase and Nasonex that provide
relieve and reduce swelling in the nose, and an antihistamine nasal spray may
Wash nose carefully- One of the most effective remedies
for allergy is washing nose. Always use sterile water when you’re cleaning the
Wear a mask- Wearing a mask can prevent you from allergy,
especially if you are working in yard or vacuum. An N95 respirator mask is may available
in any medical supply store near you.
Sooner or later, you will develop the tolerance,
and your allergic reaction will not be severe. But you can prevent allergy by taking precautions
and preventive measures. In
severe cases, medicines for allergy
can help reduce the severity and improve the condition. Consult your
dermatologist to get more info on a medication that will suit you best
according to the type of allergy you experience.
Food allergies are severe illness and
cause reactions depending on the severity of the food allergy. The major
allergenic foods are wheat, nuts, eggs, soy, cow’s milk, fish and sesame seeds.
Data suggests that more than 50 million
people in America have an allergy. Food allergies are estimated to affect 4% to
6% of children and 4% of adults. The seven allergenic foods are wheat, nuts,
fish, eggs, soy, cow’s milk, and sesame
seeds. Together they makeup around 90% of
all food allergies and vary from mild to severe. A food allergy affects the sufferer’s immune
system, and intolerance is an adverse reaction to a food allergy. Both are an
indication of sensitivity to food. A food allergy can be life threatening at
times. Therefore, it is important that
everyone with a food allergy should practice a high level of food safety. Be
careful while preparing food; make sure you know what each ingredient is made
up of and ignoring those that triggers your allergy should be avoided. It is
vital so that you do not become ill. However, allergy
medicine is available to treat severe conditions. You can get the best
medications for skin allergy online at the best price.
Common Food Allergies
Here are the seven foods that account
for about 90% of all reactions:
Wheat & Gluten- Wheat comprises of
gluten, a protein which causes allergy in people who have coeliac disease. In
many cases, an individual suffering from the coeliac disease can tolerate rice
but not the other wheat-related grains such as rye, oats, and barley. The
disease can’t be cured, but those who are suffering from it are recommended not
to eat foods that contain gluten. If a person is allergic to gluten and eats
gluten by mistake, he/she can experience various symptoms ranging from mild to
life-threatening, and these include mouth ulcers, muscle pains, skin
irritations, diarrhea, cramping, bloating, inflammation in the abdomen which is
Cow’s milk- Allergy to cow milk is
one of the most commonly reported food allergies worldwide, and according to
studies, it is the highest cause of food allergy in infants. It has estimated
that an allergy to milk affects more children than adults and it disappears
after a child reaches six years of age. People who suffer from cow milk’s
allergy are likely to get affected with the presence of lactose or the
proteins, though in some cases both. An allergy to milk can cause the sufferer
to find difficulty gaining weight or height. The symptoms of an allergy include
skin irritations, diarrhea, anaphylaxis, a runny nose, abdominal pain, and
Fish- Fish allergies are more
common in people who eat large amounts of seafood, and they primarily affect
adolescents and adults. Symptoms of an
allergy to fish depends on the type of fish ingested. The common symptoms
include breathing difficulties, skin irritations, vomiting, diarrhea, a severe
drop in blood pressure, swelling of the throat mouth, or nose. People who are
allergic to fish can also be allergic to shellfish.
Nuts- Nuts are one of the
common food allergies worldwide. Nuts including chestnuts, brazil nuts, pine
nuts, hazelnuts, pistachios, and walnuts cause an allergic reaction on
consumption of those who are allergic to any of these nuts. The tree nut family
including cashews, almonds, peanuts, coconut, and pecans are also considered
allergic. Nut allergies are commonly found in children and cause symptoms like
litchi mouth, shortness of breath, skin irritations, abdominal pain, nausea, or
Eggs– Eggs are found in many
meals but, it is essential to know that they are also responsible for a range
of allergic reactions. An allergy to egg mainly affects children and disappear
after the child’s first six years. An allergic reaction to egg occurs in the
Soya- An allergy to soy can be
uncomfortable and life-threatening. In severe cases, an allergy to soy is more
likely to cause an individual to suffer from asthma. The symptoms of soy
allergy include tingling in the mouth, skin redness, nausea, vomiting, skin
irritations, breathing difficulty, swelling of the lips, tongue, face, or
Sesame seeds- An allergy to sesame
seeds are most often a lifelong allergy. It is difficult to control the allergy
as the food label does not always say sesame seeds. People suffering from
sesame seed allergy should exercise caution while choosing a food item from the
Fungal infections are common, and they can be of animals and humans both. They
can cause serious infections, in 2010 it was the 4th most common disease
affecting 984 million people. An estimation of 1.6 million people dies each year
of fungal infections. However, there are antifungal creams
to treat infections caused by the fungus.
Types of Fungal
A fungus causes fungal infections.
Among numerous species of fungi, that can give rise to a disease or discomfort
in people. Check out these common fungal infections:
There are various types of fungal
infections, and they are as follows-
Yeast Infection- the fungus Candida
albicans is the reason behind of most vaginal yeast functions. Vagina naturally
has yeast, including candida, and bacteria. Some bacteria prevent the
overgrowth of yeast but sometimes this balance is disrupted, and the yeast
overgrow. Yeast infection leads to discharge and burning sensation in the
vagina. There are antifungal creams, ointments or suppositories which can
easily cure fungal infections.
Tinea Versicolor– the fungus Malassezia is
a fungal found on the surface of the skin. They mostly protect us from
infections and other pathogens that can cause harm or disease. But sometimes
they grow out of control and cause infections on the skin. They change the colour of the skin. They develop patches of
skin that are lighter or darker than the surrounding skin. They cause
itchiness, dryness and scaly skin develops. OTC antifungal creams or shampoos
can easily treat them. The OTC medications available in the market are;
clotrimazole, miconazole, selenium sulfide
Onychomycosis- It the fungal infection of toenails. It is a serious disorder which left untreated may lead to spreading of infection and destruction of toenails. Getting rid of fungal infection can be difficult. The colour of the toenails changes and they become brittle, hard and they show cracks. Eliminating it depends on careful adherence to an antifungal treatment plan. In white superficial onychomycosis, small, white patches of form on the nails. There are medications which can easily treat this disease easily. Miconazole nitrate is used to treat this. If the infection is severe consult the podiatrist, who can devise a treatment plan. It is better to prevent the disease by occurring by simply maintaining hygiene regularly. Rinse your feet and dry them before putting on your shoes. Spray your shoes with an antifungal.
Tinea Cruris- the other name of this
disease is jock itch. It is a superficial fungal infection of the groin and
adjacent skin. It is the second most common fungal infection. It causes
itchiness, red rash which appears as patches with a scaly red border. There are
various antifungal medications which can kill or prevent the growth of tinea
cruris. Maintaining personal hygiene is important to prevent this infection.
Consult the physicians if the infection is severe.
Athlete’s foot- It is a fungal infection
the feet. A person is suffering from an athlete’s foot experience redness,
itching, and scaling in the feet. Several different fungi including
Trichophyton, Epidermophyton, and Microsporum
are responsible for causing athlete’s foot.
Tinea Capitis- It is a ringworm infection that affects the scalp. The fungal infection is also called ringworm, but a worm does not cause it. It is most likely to affect school-age children and in rare cases affects adults. The disease spread easily, especially within families. The fungal infection is usually spread by coming in contact with infected combs, hats, brushes, pillow, and bedsheets. Tinea capitis can also spread through the air. It can affect parts of the scalp or the entire scalp. It appears as bald patches with black dots. The skin feels dry and scaly, and the affected area may be tender to touch.
In addition to your face, hands, legs, eczema can also occur on the scalp. Eczema of a scalp is also known as seborrheic dermatitis. According to the National Eczema Association, Seborrheic dermatitis is considered as a form of chronic eczema. The skin disease included a variety of skin conditions that cause red and inflamed the skin.
Eczema of the scalp
Seborrheic Dermatitis considers a common type of eczema on the scalp caused by fungi. The condition mainly affects the body parts with many oil-producing glands, leading to symptoms such as redness, patches of greasy skin, flakes, and swollen looking skin. The scalp area can be affected by several types of eczema. The scalp may be itchy, dry, and scaly in a chronic phase while the inflamed and painful scalp indicates the acute phase of eczema.
Types of scalp eczema
Seborrhoeic eczema- Seborrhoeic dermatitis, or eczema is the most common types of eczema seen on the scalp. It is sometimes visible at the hairline also. The condition affects babies, children, and adults. The type of eczema to redness and scaling of the skin and there is often dandruff as well, which can vary in severity. Also, there may be the appearance of a rash on other parts of the face such as eyelids, eyebrows, and corners of the nose.
Atopic eczema- Another type of eczema that can affect your scalp at all ages. During the condition, the skin appears red, red, dry, feels itchy, and become infected, especially if scratched and when there is broken skin.
Allergic contact dermatitis- Eczema of the scalp may also occur in response to an allergic substance. Yes, you have heard it right, scalp eczema may appear as the result of your body to the particular substance to which your body is allergic. The cosmetic items you use on a regular basis can cause contact dermatitis on the scalp. The items include hair shampoos, sprays, gel, hair dyes, hair nets, bathing caps, hair clips, and
Irritant contact dermatitis- A type of eczema that affects the scalp when the scalp is irritated by a substance that gives rise to redness, dryness, and itchy skin. Your shampoo, hair gel, hair spray, mousses, and perm solution can also cause irritant contact dermatitis.
Treatment options for scalp eczema
The treatment usually depends on the type of scalp eczema an individual is diagnosed with. Below are the possible treatments that may be prescribed to reduce the redness, and inflammation associated with scalp eczema:
Moisturizing the scalp like your other parts of the body, your scalp also requires moisturizing, But for many people, it is difficult to get beyond the hair to the scalp. Moisturizing, creams, and oil sprays can be applied by parting the hair and massaging them into the skin. Numerous scalp preparations are available to provide nourishment to the skin. Topical steroids are designed for use on the scalp and can be prescribed by a dermatologist. If your scalp eczema spreads onto the hairline and face, different strengths of topical steroids will be required to treat the condition. Also, a less potent topical steroid is advised for facial eczema. If scalp eczema is infected, use of oral antibiotics is recommended. Sometimes, scalp eczema may also cause falling of hair or even complete hair loss, in that condition, Finpecia may be used under the supervision of a dermatologist. You can buy Finpecia online to get the best price.
You can choose the best one with the help of a dermatologist. For those who are looking for a natural remedy, coconut oil is a great option which works like an emollient cream and can be bought from your nearest grocery shops or health care stores.
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