Fungal infections are common, and they can be of animals and humans both. They
can cause serious infections, in 2010 it was the 4th most common disease
affecting 984 million people. An estimation of 1.6 million people dies each year
of fungal infections. However, there are antifungal creams
to treat infections caused by the fungus.
Types of Fungal
A fungus causes fungal infections.
Among numerous species of fungi, that can give rise to a disease or discomfort
in people. Check out these common fungal infections:
There are various types of fungal
infections, and they are as follows-
Yeast Infection- the fungus Candida
albicans is the reason behind of most vaginal yeast functions. Vagina naturally
has yeast, including candida, and bacteria. Some bacteria prevent the
overgrowth of yeast but sometimes this balance is disrupted, and the yeast
overgrow. Yeast infection leads to discharge and burning sensation in the
vagina. There are antifungal creams, ointments or suppositories which can
easily cure fungal infections.
Tinea Versicolor– the fungus Malassezia is
a fungal found on the surface of the skin. They mostly protect us from
infections and other pathogens that can cause harm or disease. But sometimes
they grow out of control and cause infections on the skin. They change the colour of the skin. They develop patches of
skin that are lighter or darker than the surrounding skin. They cause
itchiness, dryness and scaly skin develops. OTC antifungal creams or shampoos
can easily treat them. The OTC medications available in the market are;
clotrimazole, miconazole, selenium sulfide
Onychomycosis- It the fungal infection of toenails. It is a serious disorder which left untreated may lead to spreading of infection and destruction of toenails. Getting rid of fungal infection can be difficult. The colour of the toenails changes and they become brittle, hard and they show cracks. Eliminating it depends on careful adherence to an antifungal treatment plan. In white superficial onychomycosis, small, white patches of form on the nails. There are medications which can easily treat this disease easily. Miconazole nitrate is used to treat this. If the infection is severe consult the podiatrist, who can devise a treatment plan. It is better to prevent the disease by occurring by simply maintaining hygiene regularly. Rinse your feet and dry them before putting on your shoes. Spray your shoes with an antifungal.
Tinea Cruris- the other name of this
disease is jock itch. It is a superficial fungal infection of the groin and
adjacent skin. It is the second most common fungal infection. It causes
itchiness, red rash which appears as patches with a scaly red border. There are
various antifungal medications which can kill or prevent the growth of tinea
cruris. Maintaining personal hygiene is important to prevent this infection.
Consult the physicians if the infection is severe.
Athlete’s foot- It is a fungal infection
the feet. A person is suffering from an athlete’s foot experience redness,
itching, and scaling in the feet. Several different fungi including
Trichophyton, Epidermophyton, and Microsporum
are responsible for causing athlete’s foot.
Tinea Capitis- It is a ringworm infection that affects the scalp. The fungal infection is also called ringworm, but a worm does not cause it. It is most likely to affect school-age children and in rare cases affects adults. The disease spread easily, especially within families. The fungal infection is usually spread by coming in contact with infected combs, hats, brushes, pillow, and bedsheets. Tinea capitis can also spread through the air. It can affect parts of the scalp or the entire scalp. It appears as bald patches with black dots. The skin feels dry and scaly, and the affected area may be tender to touch.
In addition to your face, hands, legs, eczema can also occur on the scalp. Eczema of a scalp is also known as seborrheic dermatitis. According to the National Eczema Association, Seborrheic dermatitis is considered as a form of chronic eczema. The skin disease included a variety of skin conditions that cause red and inflamed the skin.
Eczema of the scalp
Seborrheic Dermatitis considers a common type of eczema on the scalp caused by fungi. The condition mainly affects the body parts with many oil-producing glands, leading to symptoms such as redness, patches of greasy skin, flakes, and swollen looking skin. The scalp area can be affected by several types of eczema. The scalp may be itchy, dry, and scaly in a chronic phase while the inflamed and painful scalp indicates the acute phase of eczema.
Types of scalp eczema
Seborrhoeic eczema- Seborrhoeic dermatitis, or eczema is the most common types of eczema seen on the scalp. It is sometimes visible at the hairline also. The condition affects babies, children, and adults. The type of eczema to redness and scaling of the skin and there is often dandruff as well, which can vary in severity. Also, there may be the appearance of a rash on other parts of the face such as eyelids, eyebrows, and corners of the nose.
Atopic eczema- Another type of eczema that can affect your scalp at all ages. During the condition, the skin appears red, red, dry, feels itchy, and become infected, especially if scratched and when there is broken skin.
Allergic contact dermatitis- Eczema of the scalp may also occur in response to an allergic substance. Yes, you have heard it right, scalp eczema may appear as the result of your body to the particular substance to which your body is allergic. The cosmetic items you use on a regular basis can cause contact dermatitis on the scalp. The items include hair shampoos, sprays, gel, hair dyes, hair nets, bathing caps, hair clips, and
Irritant contact dermatitis- A type of eczema that affects the scalp when the scalp is irritated by a substance that gives rise to redness, dryness, and itchy skin. Your shampoo, hair gel, hair spray, mousses, and perm solution can also cause irritant contact dermatitis.
Treatment options for scalp eczema
The treatment usually depends on the type of scalp eczema an individual is diagnosed with. Below are the possible treatments that may be prescribed to reduce the redness, and inflammation associated with scalp eczema:
Moisturizing the scalp like your other parts of the body, your scalp also requires moisturizing, But for many people, it is difficult to get beyond the hair to the scalp. Moisturizing, creams, and oil sprays can be applied by parting the hair and massaging them into the skin. Numerous scalp preparations are available to provide nourishment to the skin. Topical steroids are designed for use on the scalp and can be prescribed by a dermatologist. If your scalp eczema spreads onto the hairline and face, different strengths of topical steroids will be required to treat the condition. Also, a less potent topical steroid is advised for facial eczema. If scalp eczema is infected, use of oral antibiotics is recommended. Sometimes, scalp eczema may also cause falling of hair or even complete hair loss, in that condition, Finpecia may be used under the supervision of a dermatologist. You can buy Finpecia online to get the best price.
You can choose the best one with the help of a dermatologist. For those who are looking for a natural remedy, coconut oil is a great option which works like an emollient cream and can be bought from your nearest grocery shops or health care stores.
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