To conceive is a challenge for some women, but it is possible to aid this problem by infertility treatments. Infertility drugs offer a good hope of successful pregnancy, and according to studies, approximately three out of four couples successfully conceive as a result of treatment.
Most women wish to experience childbirth at a certain point in their life. Conceiving may seem like the easiest thing in the world, but it is not for many couples. The couples who find difficulties achieving pregnancy are usually infertile. Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after one year of unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertility may be commonly caused by ovulatory defects, tubal disease, and spermatozoa defects.
But, the cause of infertility is unexplained in the big group. This is when a couple is failed to conceive a child after 20 months of regular unprotected sex, and no cause is found. During this period, it is normal to experience feelings of anger, guilt, stress, depression, sadness, hopelessness, frustration, fear, and isolation. However, once you start to explore medical options, you will find that fertility treatments offer hope for a successful pregnancy.
A majority of people who seek care from an infertility center achieve their goal of conceiving a child. Choose a qualified infertility specialist for an initial fertility evaluation. For this purpose, you need someone who you can trust. After evaluating you, your physician can suggest you with various treatment options along with the idea of chances of conception.
The methods that can boost your chances of getting pregnancy involve fertility drugs, intrauterine insemination, in-vitro fertilization, or surgery. Many types of fertility drugs for men & women are available today. Your physician may prescribe a specific treatment for infertility based on various factors. These may include:
- Duration of the infertility
- Age of both the partners
- Factors contributing to the infertility
Infertility drugs for women
Some common medications formulated to treat an infertile woman may include:
- Clomiphene citrate– It has been in the pharmaceutical industries for about 40 years. It can be recommended to you if you are not ovulating normally. The medicine acts on the pituitary gland to cause ovulation. It is also frequently given to women with polycystic ovarian syndrome or other problems associated with ovulation. It is available for oral administration.
- Follicle stimulating hormone- These may include Gonal-F, Fertinex, Bravelle, and Follistim. These drugs are administered intravenously to cause the ovaries to begin the process of ovulation.
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone- This class involves medications like Lutrepulse and Factrel, which acts on the pituitary gland to change when the body ovulates. The medicines are injected to women who do not ovulate each month.
- Human menopausal gonadotropin- Drugs such as Pergonal and Repronex are meant to be administered intramuscularly to women who don’t ovulate. These infertility drugs for women directly work on the ovaries to stimulate ovulation.
- Bromocriptine- Your physician may prescribe this for ovulation problems because of a high level of a hormone called prolactin that causes milk production.
- Metformin or Glucophage- It is specially used for women who have insulin resistance or polycystic ovarian syndrome. Its oral administration reduces the raised levels of male hormone in women with these conditions. It basically helps the ovaries to ovulate. The medicine may also be prescribed in combination with Clomifene citrate or Follicle-stimulating hormone.
Some fertility drugs may increase a risk of a woman having a chance of occurring twins or triplets. A pregnant woman with multiple fetuses may face more problem during pregnancy. A multiple pregnancies has a high risk of premature delivery. Premature babies are at extremely high risk of developmental issues. Therefore, it is essential to choose a qualified physician who can evaluate you properly as well as discuss the risk and benefits of the treatment.
Medicines for infertile men
Like women, men also suffer from infertility issues. It has been demonstrated that men with an infertility problem have hormonal problems, so fertility drugs are used to restore hormone balance. These are also prescribed to improve sperm quality and quantity. Healthy sperms are required to fertilize the egg. A man suffering from secondary hypogonadism can use these medications to improve the functioning of the pituitary gland. This condition is treatable with the infertility medications.
The most commonly recommended drugs for infertile women are also used to treat infertile male. These drugs include human menopausal gonadotropin, clomiphene citrate, and human chorionic gonadotropin. In the case of infertile males, Clomiphene increases sperm parameters in attempting to conceive. Human chorionic gonadotropin helps in the production of testosterone and sperm in the males.
In some cases, medications do work to cure infections in the male reproductive tract that cause infertility issues. These infections may include Chlamydia and gonorrhea. A man suffering from erectile dysfunction may take these infertility medicines to achieve an erection. Sometimes, these medicines may also be used in combination with counseling for the psychological aspects of erectile dysfunction.