A gynecologist is one who understands women’s health better than any other experts, but many women are still not aware of the basics as how and when to visit a gynecologist.
The women’s health issues related to the reproductive system like pelvic pain, missed periods, pregnancy, vaginitis and other female genital problems are fairly screened and treated with the help of a gynecologist.
Who is Gynecologist?
A gynecologist is a doctor who has expertise in dealing with the issues of a female reproductive system, including pregnancy, childbirth, detection of sexually transmitted diseases, family planning, etc. They work on various women’s health problems like urinary tract infection, breast, cancer of the cervix and vaginal infection to treat them with utmost care.
The primary women’s health issues which require regular checkups include:
Consistent abdominal and pelvic pain:
Pelvic pain occurs in the women’s internal reproductive organ like a bladder. It’s caused due to sexually transmitted diseases, kidney infection, bladder disorder, nerve conditions, intestinal disorders, etc.
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Proper treatment of pelvic pain is very important at earliest, and that’s why you should consult your gynecologist to explain the nature of pain if it’s an impulsive condition or going on constantly; how long you have been facing this problem, etc. A gynecologist can correctly examine the issue and advise a treatment accordingly.
Before discussing missing periods, you must know about menstruation. It is a woman’s monthly bleeding; the blood releases from the uterus to the cervix and passes out through the vagina. This period normally remains for 3-5 days and an average menstrual cycle is 28 days long.
The lack of menstrual period, i.e. Amenorrhea causes women’s health issues like:
• Disrupted breastfeeding
• Incapability in conceiving
• Excessive exercising
• Uterine fibroid
• Extreme weight loss
• Internal infection
• Hormonal disorder
If you miss your period for 2-3 months in fertile age, you must tell this problem to your gynecologist as soon as possible so that you can get a right treatment.
Bleeding after menopause is not normal; it is the sign of uterine cancer or some other serious problems. This post-menopausal bleeding is caused due to:
• Uterine polyps – It refers a growth of tissue inside the uterus and eventually extends and causes bleeding.
• Endometrial atrophy – In this case, the tissue endometrium becomes very thin after menopause and causes unexpected bleeding.
• Uterine cancer – This is also known as endometrial cancer that generally starts in the inner lining of the uterus. It causes unusual vaginal bleeding.
• Endometrial hyperplasia – In this condition, the endometrial lining becomes thick, due to obesity, and causes bleeding.
• Other causes – Some other important causes of unusual menopausal bleeding are cervix infection, use of blood thinner medicines, hormone therapy, etc.
If you’re having such an unexpected bleeding, then meet your gynecologist without wasting your time otherwise this condition might become a serious health problem.
Abnormal vaginal discharge:
Vaginal discharge is normal and it keeps bacteria and dead cells away from the vagina and helps to keep it clean and infection-free. The amount of discharge, its odor and color, everything has to be normal and as per the routine. If the discharge is increased at the time of breastfeeding, ovulating and menstrual cycle, then there is something wrong with the cycle. Its smell also becomes a bit different during pregnancy, so is its color (from clear to milky whitish).
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But, when you see brown, yellow, greenish, fishy odor of discharge, it can influence the women’s health. It might become endometrial cancer, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, lochia, bacterial vaginosis type diseases, which require gynecologist help for a better treatment.
Discomfort in the genital area:
Main reasons of soreness in the genital area are:
• Herpes- It is a type of blister and pain which require medicine and guidance from a gynecologist to treat.
• Yeast Infection- It feels like itching and irritation in the vagina that can be decreased by the anti-fungal cream prescribed by a gynecologist.
• Vaginal dryness- This is mainly caused due to the use of birth control pills which make estrogen low and lower vaginal moisture or cause dryness. So, try to take high estrogen birth control pills as per the recommendation of your gynecologist only.
In medical terms, we call it dyspareunia that occurs due to vaginal infections, cervix infection due to deep penetration, pelvic inflammatory disease, injury to the vagina, insufficient vaginal lubrication – all these women’s health issues are precisely treated by a gynecologist.
Urination problems or bowel dysfunction:
Urinary problems affect women’s health and cause various conditions including:
• Poor health
• Vaginal childbirth
• Nervous system damage due to injury or disease
• Urine retention
• Rectal prolapsed
In these conditions, gynecologist provides some treatments like:
• Changing your diet
• Taking medications
• Undergoing surgery
• Undergoing electrical stimulation
No women will never have to fear about or suffer from these health issues if they regularly consult a gynecologist. Always remember that early diagnosis of a disease is more effective for women’s health. They have to be attentive towards their health problems, especially those are related to the reproductive system, and do not hesitate to explain the condition to a gynecologist.