Parkinson’s disease is one of the most underrated diseases related to the aging. It is not a life-threatening disease, but the person suffering from the parkinson’s disease cannot lead a normal life due to the issues related to speech, brain functioning and movement. There is a huge impact on the life of a person suffering from Parkinson’s disease. Up till date there is no Parkinson’s disease cure, and the only way to manage the condition is by controlling the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.
Parkinson’s disease causes and risk factors:
There is no certain cause of Parkinson’s disease. Many people worldwide suffer from this problem; the condition usually gets worse with the ageing process. It is thought to be caused by some of the factors formed from a combination of environmental and genetical factors. The factors that are the cause of Parkinson’s disease include:
- Exposure to environmental toxins
- Chemical imbalance in the body
- Head injury
- Too much of smoking
- Inflammation of tissues of the nervous system, etc.
Parkinson’s disease symptoms and warning signs:
The major symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are:
- Slow muscle movement
- Balancing problems
Parkinson’s disease is a problem related to movement. Parkinson’s disease affects not only the physical aspects of the body, but it also affects many other aspects of the body too such as loss of smell, vivid dreams, sleep disorders, and depression, etc.
Diagnosis of the disease:
Parkinson’s disease can be diagnosed only on the basis how people describe their symptoms. The physical tests along with a combination of symptoms described by the patients the disease is diagnosed. Although there is no specific test that can help to diagnose Parkinson’s disease, yet some neurological examinations can help the doctor to identify the disease. Test of the medical history, image scanning and CSF analysis can help to diagnose the presence or absence of Parkinson’s disease.
Management of Parkinson’s disease (PD):
Just as aforesaid, Parkinson’s is not a life threatening disease and the person suffering from the problem could lead a very healthy and well-controlled life if the disease is taken care of properly. The symptoms of sleep disturbances, dementia and psychosis should be taken into account regularly and don’t solely focus on the motor symptoms only. The patient should have the access to:
- Specialized PD nurses who could take care of the condition of the patient and provide them the required support.
- Physiotherapy classes so that they can improve their flexibility and could increase their ability to work and move independently.
- Occupational therapy is also very helpful for the patients with PD, as this could help to maintain the daily activities at work as well as at home. The advice given in the therapy is very encouraging and also it improves the family relationships.
- Speech therapy is also helpful to improve the loudness and clarity of the language spoken by the patient.
- Exercise to improve the ability of decision taking is also very necessary.
Treatment of PD:
There are a number of medicines that are specially prescribed for the person who is facing symptomatic problems of Parkinson’s disease. As there is no Parkinson disease cure, hence the disease is kept under control with the help of some Parkinson’s disease medicines, such as:
- Transdermal dopamine agonist- taken as initial treatment drug
- Levadopa, as it is the most effective drug to control motor complications
- Amantadine- used as an anticholinergic drug