Infertility is a widespread common issue among several couples. The fertility of a man typically depends on the quality and quantity of his sperm. Male infertility treatment options are many and helping millions to deal with the problem.

If the sperm is of poor quality or if it is not enough, it will be difficult to impregnate a woman. Statistics indicates that one in 20 men face fertility issues.It is not true that only women have infertility issues. It is found that one-third of all infertility problems is due to female infertility, and another one-third is due to male infertility. The causes are unclear for the remaining.

In most cases, it is not a simple task to detect infertility. For a couple, the intercourse and ejaculation may normally happen without any significant difference in the ejaculated semen. Still only medical tests might prove it is possible to determine if a man is infertile and if he needs male infertility treatment.

Male Infertility

Male Infertility Causes:

Male infertility is due to either sperm transport or sperm production issues. After an examination of test results, the doctor can find out the exact cause of the problem.

Sperm production issues can be due to:

  • Genetic or chromosomal reasons
  • Infections
  • Undescended testes
  • Twisted testis in the scrotum
  • Chemicals and Medicines
  • Damage due to radiation
  • Varicocele (varicose veins of the testes)
  • Unidentified causes

Sperm transportation problems can be due to:

  • Vasectomy
  • Infections
  • Lack of vas deferens
  • Prostate-related issues

Injuries, sickness, health ailments, lifestyle choices and several other factors can also play a role in male infertility. Identifying the right male infertility causes is important for the right male infertility treatment.

Male Infertility Symptoms:

The obvious sign of male infertility is the inability to conceive. Sometimes, there may be no other signs of the condition. Some other male infertility symptoms may include:

  • Difficulties with different sexual functions such as ejaculation, low sexual desire or erectile dysfunction
  • Recurrent respiratory problems
  • Pain or swelling in the testicle region
  • Reduced body hair
  • A lower sperm count than normal
  • Signs of a hormonal or chromosomal abnormality

Time to see a doctor:

  • See a doctor for a proper male infertility treatment if you:
  • Have not been able to conceive a child after one year of unprotected, regular sex
  • Have had prostate, testicle, or sexual problems in the past
  • Have reduced sex drive, ejaculation or erection issues, or other problems with sex
  • Have had penis, testicle, groin or scrotum surgery
  • Face discomfort or pain in the testicle area

Risk Factors:

Certain things may increase Male infertility. They include radiation treatment or chemotherapy for cancer treatment, air pollution, toxins such as lead and pesticides, excessive smoking, alcohol or drug abuse, injury to the reproductive organ, and having an undescended testicle among others.

Male infertility treatment:

A couple is thought to have infertility issues if they have been trying to conceive for a year but without any success. It can take around a year for a woman to get pregnant. Most doctors advise waiting at least a year before going for infertility testing. Treatment for infertility first addresses any underlying medical condition that may be causing the problem.

Also Read: Ways to Boost your Testosterone Levels

Male infertility treatment options:

• Hormone treatment
• Medication
• Surgery
• Donor sperm from a healthy donor

Apart from these, making healthy lifestyle changes can also help in treating the issue. Many men have benefitted tremendously from following a healthy diet, a regular regimen of exercising, staying away from smoking, alcohol, and drug abuse, and managing their stress levels. Including some amounts of vitamin C, vitamin B12, zinc and some other minerals and vitamins as recommended by a doctor can work wonders to improve your sexual health.

Also Read: Don’t be ashamed of Male Incontinence!


Not being able to have a child can be frustrating and stressful. With the advancement in technology, the male sexual problem have several treatment options available. The doctor can help you find the right treatment that works best for you and your partner to solve the problem.

Leave a comment