Teens are not the only sufferers of acne, many adults also experience this problem. It is called adult acne. You have to understand the adult acne causes to diagnose this skin condition better.
This is a skin disease that infects oil glands of the skin and causes skin spots. As per statistical data, men are affected more than women by this skin condition. It usually influences the face, back, neck and chest area. Acne in adults is mainly caused due to the excess of oil production by the sebum, dead skin cells, clogged pores and bacteria.
Types of acne or pimple:
• Whiteheads – They remain under the skin and remain limited in small areas.
• Blackheads – Such black patches appear on the surface of the skin. Remember that a blackhead is not caused by dirt. Scrubbing your face vigorously when you see blackheads will not remove them.
• Papules – They look like small bumps (usually pink) and are visible on the surface of the skin.
• Pustules – These patches on the skin are red at their base and usually filled with pus at the top.
• Nobules – Nobules inflict pain and are embedded deep in the skin.
• Cysts – Clearly visible on the surface of the skin, cysts are painful and usually filled with pus. Cysts can easily cause scars after drying off.
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Factors that could worsen adult acne:
There are several factors that can aggravate adult acne as well as invite new acne to develop. Some of these factors include:
• Hormonal change
Androgens hormonal change in the body increases the chances of acne in adults and teenagers. In women, hormonal changes occur during the monthly period, pregnancy and the frequent use of oral contraceptives like progestogen. They can affect sebum production in the skin.
• Certain medications
Drugs containing corticosteroids, androgens or lithium can worsen acne. In some health, a patient has to take certain medicines that affect the normal texture of skin.
Studies indicate that certain dietary ingredients, including chocolates, carbohydrate-rich foods — such as bread, bagels and chips — may become adult acne causes. So, you have to be careful about dietary in order to take care of skin’s beauty.
People living with deep stress or tension could experience a more frequent breakout of acne. This condition can also worsen the existing acnes.
• Artificial make-up
Bad quality cosmetics and thick or greasy make-up could worsen acne. However, most make-up products promise not to damage skin after a long-term application. You can use beauty products to cover some mild spots on the skin. Non-comedogenic or oil-free products as well as herbal gels and sunscreen creams that are helpful to prevent skin disease.
• Squeezing acne
Area of acne can spread if you do not take proper adult acne treatment. In most cases, picking and squeezing the spots cause further inflammation and scarring on the skin. Spots may develop under a tight cloth; for example, under headbands, tight bra straps, tight collars, etc. This may be due to increased sweating and friction due to the tightness of the cloth.
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• Heavy sweating
Heavy sweating or humidity may make acne worse. Acne in adults occurs due to doing regular hot work in kitchens. More sweat has become the reason for blocking pores.
Treatment of adult acne:
Acne treatment requires a lot of care as an application of any wrong products can damage the natural beauty of skin. Some particular methods are proven to provide the best acne medication, such as:
• Benzoyl peroxide
This treatment is used to kill germs and reduce inflammation by unclogging skin pores and clearing the inflamed spots. It helps to clear blackheads and whiteheads. One can apply benzoyl peroxide twice a day and wash the skin 20-30 minutes before use to get better results.
Retinoids offer a good adult acne treatment by unplugging the blocked pores and reducing skin inflammation. This treatment is often used at the early stage of acne and it helps you clean skin pores and treat blackheads, whiteheads and mildly inflamed spots. But, retinoids should not be taken without a doctor’s recommendation; otherwise, it may harm your skin by causing tissues burn, irritation and dryness. It has to be avoided during pregnancy.
• Topical antibiotics
This treatment reduces the number of bacteria and the intensity of skin inflammation. Though this adult acne treatment is usually good at treating inflamed acne but blackheads and whiteheads may remain for some days. In some cases, topical antibiotics may cause mild irritation, but generally, there are fewer side effects than the other topical preparations. Usually, this medicine is prescribed along with other medications.
• Azelaic acid
Azelaic acid is an alternative for retinoids and benzoyl peroxide. It may cause less skin irritation, but proves to be effective at removing blackheads and whiteheads as well as other adult acne causes with good effects.