Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases in which the person’s blood glucose (blood sugar) level is high. The rise in blood glucose level could be due to two conditions: when insulin production is inadequate or cells of body are not able to respond to insulin. Insulin is a hormone which is produced by pancreas, allowing glucose to enter cells of body. Glucose is either produced by liver or comes from digesting carbohydrates. Patients who are diabetic either suffer from frequent urination or they become more thirsty and hungry. Diabetes can catch any one and it is a lifelong health complication. Worldwide, 382 million people are affected by diabetes. Diabetes has been taking more lives than dangerous diseases like AIDS and breast cancer. It is the most leading cause of blindness, kidney failure and heart diseases. The research says that more than $174 billion is spend by American public on diabetes annually.
Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus, is a lifelong disease affecting 20.8 million United States adults in the year 2011. In diabetes, the body is unable to convert glucose into energy. Sugar or glucose is the main and important source of fuel for body. After digestion, the food gets changed into fats, proteins and carbohydrates. Foods affecting blood sugars are basically called carbohydrates and when carbs are digested like bread, rice and pasta they change into glucose. Glucose then gets transferred to the blood, where it is used by the cells for energy. The insulin hormone is required for glucose transferral into the cells. Beta cells produce insulin in the pancreas. In the patients suffering from diabetes, the process is impaired and the disease occurs when pancreas do not produce sufficient amount of insulin.