Anticonvulsants or antiepileptic drugs are used to treat Epilepsy or Convulsions. Epilepsy is a chronic brain disorder in which a person encounters the uncontrolled and repetitive activity of body muscles known as Seizures or Convulsions. Epilepsy is not a single disease; it is a cluster of different signs and symptoms originating in a variety of people for different reasons.
The common underlying reason is an imbalance in brain’s electrical activity. There is the transmission of wrong signals by neurons that leads to recurrent episodes of sensation; loss of consciousness and increases the risk of physical injury. In this, an epileptic patient may experience recurrent seizures.
Causes of Convulsions:
The main cause of the disease is the disturbance in the normal activity of neurons due to brain injury. There are various triggers that can cause this disease, some of them are:
• Brain tumor
• Trauma and other CNS infections
• Genetic susceptibility, Chromosomal disorders
• Infectious diseases like meningitis, viral encephalitis, and AIDS
• Overdose of antidepressants or poison
• Prenatal injury
Signs and Symptoms:
Indications vary from person to person. Common signs and symptoms associated with this problem are:
• Temporary confusion
• Staring, fainting
• Jerking of arms and legs
• Tics, Twitches or tremors abnormal body movements
• Unusual eye movements
• Psychic symptoms
Seizures can be classified in three main groups
• Generalized seizures are the seizures that affect almost whole part of the brain
• Focal or Partial seizures are the seizures that take place in the smaller part of the brain. It is of two types one is simple and the other is complex.
• Status epilepticus is an acute life-threatening condition that occurs due to persistent seizures lasting for more than 30 minutes or more.
Adverse effects of the problem:
While having epileptic convulsions or ‘fit’ the person experiences a stiff and jerk. The patient is not able to hold his bladder, he may become unconscious or may bite his tongue. The condition of such a patient is very difficult to handle.
The best thing a patient suffering from convulsion and epileptic disorders can do is he should try to avoid the triggers like:
1. Lack of sleep
2. Very strong lights
3. Low sugar levels
4. Use of drugs like cocaine and heroin
Common Anti-convulsant medicines:
Some common Anticonvulsant medicines are:
• Oxcarb Zeptol CR
• Dicorate ER etc.
These antiepileptic drugs control the symptoms of seizures and you can buy these anticonvulsant drugs online from reliable sites like reliablerxpharmacy.com.
Myths and facts:
• Myth: Epilepsy affects intelligence
• Fact: No, the patients with epilepsy have the same level of intelligence as those with epilepsy. It is very difficult to learn new things if the seizures are frequent, but convulsions cannot lower the intelligence levels of the patient.
• Myth: During seizures you can swallow your tongue
• Fact: No, it is impossible to swallow anything with the tongue during seizures. Therefore it is necessary that nothing should ever go into the mouth of the patient during a ‘ fit.'
Diagnosis of convulsion conditions:
The various diagnostic measures includes general blood tests, kidney function test, liver function test, EEG (Electroencephalogram) used to record brain waves to detect any kind of abnormal electrical activity of neurons, and scans the electrical activity and damaged area of the brain. in some cases various tests are also needed to see the structure of the brain to help doctors identify the presence of some cysts or tumors, the common tests are:
• CT scan
Treatment for convulsion conditions:
A convulsion is not curable. However, we can improve the symptoms. If the seizure doesn’t end naturally, then it could be life-threatening. There are a few steps of first aid that one person should always keep in mind.
• Keep yourself calm & clear the area around the patient
• Loose tie or anything around the neck which will make breathing difficult
• Don’t hold the person down or try to stop the body movement
• Stay with the person until the seizures end naturally
• If not, take him/her to Hospital
These are the factors you need to take into account while choosing medication for epilepsy:
• Seizure type
• Epilepsy syndrome
• Expected adverse effects
• Interactions/other medical conditions
• Pharmacokinetic profile
These are the medicines commonly prescribed for epilepsy:
• Valproic Acid
All these medicines are available at all leading online pharmacies. So, you can buy the anticonvulsant drugs online at very cheap rates.
Apart from medicine, certain lifestyle choices can help a person manage epilepsy. Maintaining a cool head and a healthy diet can help control the condition. Being disciplined about taking medication is very important as missed doses can increase the chances of seizures. Pregnant women should be careful while taking epilepsy medication as some antiepileptic drugs can be dangerous for the developing fetus. At times, surgery on the affected part may be recommended to control the condition.
If you are taking epilepsy medication, it is imperative that you inform your doctor in the event of any changes to your health. Sometimes, changes or an increased dose of medicines are necessary for the proper management of epilepsy. Also, those who suffer from uncontrolled epilepsy should not drive and avoid activities like climbing to high places and swimming alone.
Steps to improve the health:
Epileptic patients have to be very cautious about his or her health. With proper medication, staying fit with a regular physical workout, taking a nutritionally balanced rich diet, and intake of natural herbs like Ginseng, Jatamansi, Green Tea, and overall check on your well-being you can make your life healthier.
Important thing to know:
There is no cure for epilepsy. However, the condition can be managed successfully with medication and certain lifestyle choices which can ensure that those who have the condition can continue to lead a full life.
What is the commonly used anticonvulsant drug?
Phenytoin is the most used anticonvulsant agent. It causes alteration of the brain cell sodium channels, limiting the brain cells' rapid firing.
What is the other name for anticonvulsants?
Antiseizure medications, previously known as antiepileptic or anticonvulsant medications, help treat and prevent seizures.
What is the safest anticonvulsant medicine?
Gabapentin is one of the safest antiepileptic medicines; however, it may not be as powerful as other seizure drugs, especially if prescribed at a low dose.
Which medicine is best for epilepsy?
Antiepileptic Drugs (AEDs) are considered the best drugs for epilepsy. These include topiramate, lamotrigine, carbamazepine, topiramate, and sodium valproate.
What do anticonvulsant drugs do in the brain?
Anticonvulsants treat seizures by calming brain hyperactivity. They decrease signals in the brain that increase the probability of seizures and also cause a significant reduction in the frequency and severity of seizures.
What is the first treatment of choice for epilepsy?
Anticonvulsants such as levetiracetam, topiramate, valproic acid, oxcarbazepine, and lamotrigine are commonly used to treat seizures. Initially, monotherapy is recommended.
Which anticonvulsants treat bipolar?
Divalaproex and valproate sodium are approved for treating acute manic episodes in bipolar disorder. Valproate is often prescribed with an antidepressant to avoid moving the person into a depressive episode.
Can epilepsy be cured?
Well, there’s no cure for epilepsy. However, there are treatment options, including oral medications to treat epilepsy.
What are the benefits of anticonvulsants?
Anticonvulsant medicine can help treat epilepsy and other causes of seizures. They are also effective at treating other conditions, like neuropathic pain and anxiety.
What happens when you take anticonvulsants?
Anticonvulsants are usually well tolerated if taken at a low dose and increased slowly. Some common side effects during the initial weeks of taking anticonvulsants include stomach discomfort, tiredness, dizziness, or blurred vision.
Can seizures be managed with OTC treatments?
Dietary therapies can effectively control various types of seizures in adults and children when medicines alone aren’t effective. Dietary therapies should only be used under the guidance of a dietician.