Eptoin 100 mg

Eptoin
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Description

SKU 794
US Brand Name Dilantin
Strength 100 mg
Generic Name Phenytoin
Manufacturer Abott Pharmaceticals

Eptoin

Phenytoin is an antiepileptic drug used to treat various types of seizure. It acts by decreasing brain impulses causing seizures. Epilepsy is a scary disease in which a person experience uncontrolled and repetitive activity of body muscles known as seizures or convulsions. Many antiepileptic drugs are available in the market. Among others, Phenytoin is a well known drug that shows the remarkable mode of action with less possible side effects associated with it.

The ailments, it is used for:

Phenytoin is indicated in the below mentioned conditions like:

  • It controls generalized tonic clonic seizures
  • It controls complex partial seizures
  • It prevents seizures occurring during or following neurosurgery

How it works?

It contains Phenytoin as an active ingredient in it. It acts on the sodium channels on the neuronal cell membrane. It stabilizes the hyper excited neurons by promoting sodium efflux from neurons. This way, it limits the spread of seizure and decreases its propagation.

When should you avoid it?

You should not take Phenytoin if you:

  • Are allergic to Phenytoin
  • Have a liver disease
  • Are suffering from Lupus erythematosus
  • Are suffering from diabetes
  • Have vitamin D deficiency
  • Have porphyria
  • You drink too much alcohol
  • Are pregnant or planning to become a pregnant
  • Are breastfeeding

How much to take?

The dosage is solely decided by the Doctor after assessing your condition and various factors such as age, gender and body weight. One can’t fix the dose as it varies from patient to patient. The dose intake is decided by the doctor. He will recommend the best suitable drug. Always take the dose prescribed by the Doctor.

What are the strengths available?

Phenytoin is available in five strength preparations on our website:

  • Eptoin 100 mg
  • Eptoin 100 mg

Who is the manufacturer?

Eptoin is manufactured by Abott Pharmaceuticals, a pharmaceutical giant and is available on our website in the pack of 50 and 100 tablets.

How to take?

Phenytoin is taken exactly as prescribed by your doctor.  Swallow the tablet with a full glass of water. Don’t crush or chew the tablet. Always follow the prescription. 

When to take?

Phenytoin can be taken with or without food once in a day. The dose intake depends upon your condition. Always take the medicine as per the prescription.

For how long should it be taken?

Take the medicine as long as recommended by the Doctor. Always ask the doctor before stopping the intake of the drug.

What if you take too much (overdose)?

If overdose, immediately consult with your concerned doctor. Take medical help as soon as possible if you encounter any unusual symptoms:

  • Slurred speech
  • Muscle stiffness or weakness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Lightheadedness
  • Motor in coordination
  • Shallow breathing

What if you miss the dose?

Try to take the medicine at the same time each day; this reduces the chances of missing a dose. Talk to your Doctor if you miss the dose. Don’t double up the dose in order to compensate with the previous one.

What are the side effects?

Every medicine shows some side effects, same way this drug also has some undesired effects with it. Phenytoin shows common and serious side effects such as:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headache, tremors and dizziness
  • Motor in coordination
  • Slurred speech
  • Swollen or tender gums
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Insomnia

Some serious and rare side effects that need serious consideration are stated below:

  • Unusual bleeding and easy bruising
  • Extreme skin reaction along with the symptoms like fever, burning sensation in eyes, red or purple skin rash causing blistering and peeling of skin
  • Chest pain, irregular heartbeat
  • Tremors, restless muscular movement
  • Worsening seizures
  • Confusion, unexplained tiredness
  • Severe drowsiness

Are there any possible drug interactions?

Always inform your doctor about the drugs you are taking till date. Give a complete list of prescription or non prescription drugs and any other disease conditions. This way, doctor is able to decide and give you the list of drugs and other things that may interact with Phenytoin. The following are the drugs that may interact with Phenytoin:

  • Doxycycline
  • Isoniazid
  • Linezolid
  • Rifampin
  • Aspirin
  • Antidepressants
  • Warfarin
  • Steroidal drugs like Prednisone
  • Oral contraceptives
  • Amiodarone
  • Digoxin
  • Furosemide
  • Other antiepileptic medications like Carbamazepine and Divalproex Sodium
  • Gastric acid reducers
  • Theophylline

What are the things to be taken care of?

  • Always take the medicine as per the prescription
  • Don’t use the expired drugs
  • Don’t share your medicine with anybody, even if they have the same symptoms
  • It is important to monitor liver function so one should go for liver test function
  • This drug causes dizziness so avoid driving and machinery after consuming it
  • Avoid the intake of alcohol beverages while using Phenytoin as it can enhance the effect of drowsiness
  • It may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do any other activity like swimming that requires alertness
  • Always store the medicine at the room temperature and away from moisture, heat and light
  • Consult with your pharmacist about the proper disposal of the drug
  • Keep a complete record of all the medicines you are taking along with this medicine
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