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Diabetes

Diabetes


According to the analyses of centres for disease control and prevention, Diabetes Mellitus is the seventh leading cause of the death in the United States. It is a condition that occurs due to malfunctioning of the body’s capability to convert sugar into energy. The food we ingest gets changed into glucose or sugar to give us energy. For the conversion of food into glucose, the beta cells present in the pancreas generate insulin hormone that plays a key role in distributing glucose to other body cells. 

 

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In diabetes, there is either insufficient production of insulin or there is a flawed activity of insulin that cannot move glucose into the cells resulting in sugar build up in the bloodstream. It has severe consequences on health as it can stimulate serious conditions such as kidney failure, blindness, and heart diseases. It was first noticed by a Greek doctor in patients who were passing excess of sweet urine. “Sugar” is a common synonym of diabetes.

Types of diabetes and their causes:

Diabetes is of three types – Type 1, Type 2 and gestational diabetes.

Type 1- Diabetes occurs when there is no formation of insulin by the pancreatic cells in the body. It happens in children or young adults. The Genetic history of an individual and impairment in immune system functioning are the common causes of this condition, but the exact underlying cause is still unknown.

Type 2- Diabetes is most commonly experienced by adults and early signs begin to develop at a younger age. The beta cells of the pancreas become resistant to insulin, and there is no movement of glucose into body cells as the sugar tends to accumulate in the blood stream. If it remains untreated Type 2 Diabetes can cause life-threatening situations.

Gestational diabetes arises during pregnancy- There are high blood sugar levels as the placenta produces insulin blocking hormones, which hinder the activity of insulin. These elevated blood sugar levels have deleterious effects on the growth and safety of the baby. Pregnant ladies have to be very cautious and take extra care of themselves and the unborn child.

Signs and symptoms:

The common sign and symptoms that occur are as follows:

• Recurrent urination
• Weight loss
• Hazy vision
• Fatigue
• Slow healing of sores
• Increased appetite
• Excessive thirst

In case of type 1 diabetes, these symptoms can be easily felt by the person and in some cases nausea or stomach pain may also occur. The type 2 diabetes doesn’t produce many obvious signs and symptoms initially.

Complications:

Diabetes has serious implications for the individual’s health. A person who has fluctuations in his blood sugar levels for a longer period runs a higher risk of severe complications brought on by diabetes. A few of them are as follows:

• Heart diseases – A diabetic person is more likely to have cardiovascular disease conditions such as heart attack, angina pectoris, atherosclerosis and stroke. Diabetic women are at higher risk of getting CVD than are men
• Damage to kidneys – Diabetes can hamper the normal filtration process and can even cause kidney failure
• Damage to nerves - It can impair the functioning of capillaries that nurture the nerves. The nerve damage in the legs especially foot can result in serious infections and may require foot or leg removal
• Retinopathy- Diabetes has serious impact on the retina of the eye that leads to the complete blindness
• Dementia – This condition arises when there is less glucose available in the brain cells
• Respiratory distress syndrome- It occurs in the premature babies as they have difficulty in breathing. This condition occurs in the baby because of gestational diabetes.

Prevention:

To prevent diabetes you can choose the following lifestyle options:

• Do physical exercise daily
• Avoid being overweight
• Choose healthy food

Myths and facts:

Myth: Insulin will harm you
Fact: Insulin is, in fact, a life saver, but while on insulin you need to be just cautious about your blood sugar levels as it may dip suddenly.
Myth: Eating too much sugar causes diabetes
Fact: Eating sugar is not proven to cause diabetes. However, too much calorie diet may increase the risks of being overweight and it may them further initiate diabetes.

Common medicines

Here are some common anti-diabetic drugs and diabetes products that you can buy online from our site reliablerxpharmacy.com:

• Glucobay
• Glypride
• Janumet
• Januvia
• Accu-checks active
• Glycomet GP
• Glycomet SR etc.

Diagnosis:

The diagnosis of the condition can be done by a simple blood test that calculates the blood glucose levels.

Other tests include the haemoglobin A1C test to calculate the amount of glucose attached to the haemoglobin. It gives the plasma glucose concentration over a period in the blood. It is a diagnostic test for type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes.

The diagnosis of the condition can be done by a simple blood test that calculates the blood glucose levels.

 

Types of test  Normal Range Diabetic range
Fasting blood sugar 80-99 mg/dl 126 mg/dl and above
Random blood sugar 80-139 mg/dl 200 mg/dl and above
Two hour glucose tolerance test 80-139 mg/dl 200
Haemoglobin A1C test 80-99 mg/dl 4% to 5.6% 5.7% to6.5% mg/dl and above

Treatment:

Till date diabetes has no cure and the only way is to keep sugar levels under control. Low sugar levels avoid any diabetic induced complications. For this, constant monitoring of blood sugar levels is needed which helps to keep tabs on your sugar levels. Self-testing glucose meters are available in the market like Accu-Chek active.

In case of type 1 diabetes, there is the need for insulin as pancreatic cells are not producing enough of it. So in this insulin is required from the outside to compensate the insulin missing in the body. The most common form is injections of insulin that are taken by the patient once in a day to optimize the levels of insulin in the body. Along with this, one should balance out the levels in the body by consuming fewer carbohydrate foods and undertaking the increased physical activity.

Treatment of type 2 diabetes is a complex blend of oral medications, exercise and insulin intake. It is purely dependent on the fluctuating blood sugar levels of a patient. Anti-diabetic drugs are also given that also maintain a constant blood sugar level. Various oral diabetic medications are as follows:

• Metformin
• Glimepiride
• Glibenclamide
• Nateglinide
• Acarbose
• Gliclazide

To buy antidiabetes drugs online, you can place your order on reliabledrugs.com, a trustworthy website for hassle-free online drug shopping.

Steps to improve health:

Magnesium, calcium, chromium, vitamins like Vitamin B complex (B6, B12, biotin), vitamin C, Vitamin E are the supplements for diabetes that helps in restoring bodily resistance. With the help of your personal physician, fix your best schedule for the balance of insulin levels in the body. Avoid eating junk and fatty food and switch to healthy fruits like blueberries, grapes, bananas; consume vegetables and increase fiber intake. Do a workout or go for long brisk walks to maintain insulin levels in your body. If you smoke, then you should quit smoking as it can have serious consequences on the body. Drink in absolute moderation for increased alcohol intake in diabetics can increase your blood sugar levels dangerously.

Important things to know:

Diabetes is a serious and dangerous disease, but it can be controlled. No matter what type of diabetes you have, you must make a commitment to manage your diabetes.

 

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