Immunodeficiency disorders degrade your body’s skills to guard itself against infections caused by pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Immunodeficiency disorders are classified into two categories; primary and secondary. Primary disorders (congenital) are those you are born with and secondary disorders are those that are acquired later in life. Secondary disorders (acquired) are triggered by anything that weakens your immune system. These disorders weaken your body and make it harder for your body to fight against infections and diseases. They make your body more susceptible to viral and bacterial infections. Primary disorders are more common than secondary disorders.
Your immune system comprises of the following organs:
• bone marrow
• lymph nodes
All these organs of your immune system are responsible for the synthesis and release of special called lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are basically white blood cells and are of further two types; B cells and T cells. They fight invaders or foreign substances called antigens. Whenever your body detects antigens, B cells release antibodies specific to those particular antigens. Further, T cells destroy these foreign or abnormal cells. B and T cells might need to fight off bacteria, viruses, cancer cells, and parasites.
An immunodeficiency disorder disrupts your body’s ability to defend itself against the simplest infections caused by these antigens.
Who is at risk for immunodeficiency disorders?
• People with a family history of primary or congenital immunodeficiency disorders are at a risk higher-than-normal for developing primary disorders.
• Anything that makes your immune system weak can bring up a secondary immunodeficiency disorder in your body. For instance, if you get exposed to body fluids containing HIV, or in case you undergo a spleen removal surgery. Spleen removal may be needed because of conditions like sickle cell anemia, cirrhosis of the liver, or trauma to the spleen.
• With increase in age your immune system tends to become weak. As your body ages, some of the organs that make white blood cells (such as, spleen) reduce in size and produce fewer of them.
• Proteins are important for maintaining your immunity. A diet with low protein content can weaken your immune system.
• Your body also produces proteins when you sleep that help your body combat infections. For this reason, lack of sleep reduces your immune defenses.
• Cancers and drugs used in chemotherapy can also trim down your immunity.
Signs of an immunodeficiency disorder
Each immunodeficiency disorder has distinctive symptoms that can be recurrent or persistent. Some of the common symptoms include:
• sinus infections
• yeast infections
If these problems don’t improve with treatment or you don’t recover completely over time, your healthcare professional might test you for an immunodeficiency disorder.
How are immune disorders diagnosed?
If your doctor suspects you for having an immunodeficiency disorder, he will want to do the following:
• inquire you about your medical history
• execute a physical exam
• find out your white blood cell count
• find out your T cell count
• examine your immunoglobulin levels
You may get recommended for an antibody test in which vaccines are used to test how well your immune system responds. Your healthcare professional will give you a vaccine. Then he will test your immune system for it’s response to the vaccine after a few days or weeks.
If you don’t have an immunodeficiency disorder, your immune system will function healthily and produce antibodies to fight the weakened or dead organisms in the vaccine. You might have a disorder if your blood test doesn’t show the presence of any antibodies.
How are immunodeficiency disorders treated?
The treatment for each immunodeficiency disorder will depend on the specific conditions. For example, AIDS causes several different infections. Your doctor will prescribe medications for each infection. And you may be given an antiretroviral to treat and HIV infection if appropriate.
Treatment for immunodeficiency disorders commonly includes antibiotics and immunoglobulin therapy. Other antiviral drugs, amantadine and acyclovir, or a drug called interferon are used for treatment of the viral infections caused by immunodeficiency disorders.
If your bone marrow isn’t producing enough lymphocytes, your doctor might order a bone marrow (stem cell) transplant.
You can also consider taking immune enhancing supplements. There are a variety of immune-enhancers available, and vitafizz vitamin C is some of the best known, recommended supplements. You can buy vitafizz vitamin C and other immune system boosters to boost up your immune system from our website at reasonable prices.
How can immunodeficiency disorders be prevented?
Primary immunodeficiency disorders can be controlled and treated, but they can’t be prevented. Secondary disorders can be prevented in a number of ways. For example, it’s possible to prevent yourself from getting AIDS by not having unprotected sex with someone who carries HIV.
Sleep is very important for a healthy immune system. According to the Mayo Clinic, adults need about eight hours of sleep per night. It’s also important that you stay away from people who are sick if your immune system isn’t working properly.
If you have a contagious immunodeficiency disorder like AIDS, you can keep others healthy by practicing safe sex and not sharing bodily fluids with people who aren’t infected.