Acarbose is an oral anti diabetic drug that keeps the overall control of blood sugar levels in the body. Acarbose alone is used as an adjuvant with diet for balancing the blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetes. It is different from sulfonyl ureas class of anti diabetics as it acts via different mode of action. Acarbose doesn’t produce weight gain and insulinotropic effects of sulfonyl ureas as well.
The ailments it is used for:
Acarbose is a prescription medicine used for the treatment of type 2 Diabetes.
Understanding the drug Acarbose:
How it works?
Acarbose reversibly stops the activity of the enzyme alpha glucosidase. Alpha glucosidase has a key role in breakdown of complex carbohydrate into simpler form such as glucose. Acarbose delays the absorption of the digestion of carbohydrates and reduces post meal hyperglycemia. This way, it improves the insulin sensitivity and controls blood sugar level of the body.
When should you avoid it?
You should not take Acarbose in the below mentioned conditions:
- If someone is allergic to the active ingredients present in Acarbose
- Patients having renal impaired function
- Patients having liver problems
- Intestinal disorders
- Inflammation in bowel
- Diabetic ketoacidosis
- Breast feeding mothers
How much to take?
Dosage intake depends upon the efficacy and tolerability factors. Dosage is adjusted by the Doctor to get best suitable dose for the patient. Doctor is the one who will recommend you the accurate and effective dose. The usual recommended dosage starts from 50 mg and can be increased up to 100 mg depending upon the demand of the condition.
What are the strengths available?
Acarbose is available in two strength combination on our website:
- Glucobay 25 mg
- Glucobay 50 mg
Who is the manufacturer?
Glucobay is manufactured by Bayer Healthcare, a pharmaceutical giant and is available on our website in the pack of 30 tablets.
How to take?
Acarbose is taken exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Take the tablet with full glass of water. Don’t crush or chew the tablet. Always monitor your blood sugar levels by using blood glucose meter.
When to take?
Acarbose is taken once or twice a day and can be taken three times a day in between the meal. Try to take the medicine at the same time each day. This minimizes the chances of missing a dose.
For how long should it be taken?
Acarbose is meant to be taken on regular basis, so keep on taking the drug as long as recommended by the Doctor. Sudden discontinuation can lead to undesired and severe conditions.
What if you take too much (overdose)?
If overdose, immediately consult with your concerned doctor. Avoid taking carbohydrate enriched drinks or meals as it may increase the sugar levels and person may feel below mentioned conditions like:
If medicine is taken in excess, then at least don’t drink or eat meals having carbohydrates for next 5-6 hours. Take emergency help as early as possible.
What if you miss the dose?
Take the medicine at the same time each day; this reduces the chances of missing dose. Don’t double up the dose in order to compensate with the previous one. Consult your Doctor if you miss the Dose.
What are the side effects?
Acarbose is very effective and potent antidiabetic drug. Every therapeutic drug shows some side effects. It is not necessary that everyone will experience them, as occurrence of them depends upon the various parameters such as individual’s health status and his tolerability. Some common side effects are listed below:
- Abdominal discomfort, pain and excessive production of Gas
- Hepatitis in rare cases
Are there any possible drug interactions?
Before taking any treatment, thoroughly discuss your medical history you’re your Doctor. Give a complete account of the drugs you are already taking. This all helps the doctor to give you a best suitable treatment and will give the list of drugs that may interact with the medicament. The drugs that may interact with Acarbose are as follows:
- Nicotinic acid
- Levothyroxine and other thyroid products
- Epinephrine and Pseudoephedrine
- Preparations containing digestive enzymes like amylase and pancreatin
- Oral contraceptives
- Cholestyramine and intestinal absorbents
What are the things to be taken care of?
- Always take the medicine as per prescription
- Don’t use the expired drug
- Always monitor your blood sugar levels
- Avoid consumption of alcohol while using this drug
- Keep a complete record of all the medicines you are taking along with this medicine
- Don’t share your medicine with anybody, even if they have the same symptoms
- Follow strict diet and exercise regimen while taking this drug
- Always store the medicine at the room temperature and away from moisture, heat and light