Women with diabetes have to make extra efforts to manage the symptoms of diabetes. One can stay on track by keeping a close eye on blood sugar level, eating healthy, and being physically fit.

Diabetes in Women

How Diabetes can be especially hard on women? Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease by four times in women, which is less than two times in men. There are three types of diabetes, namely type 1, Type 2, and gestational diabetes. Most people have Type 2 diabetes, which occurs when the body either doesn’t use insulin or produce enough insulin. Due to this, the glucose can’t get into the cells normally, so the blood sugar level gets too high.  


Type 1 diabetes, is a less common type of Diabetes, affected only 5% of those with diabetes have Type 1 form. It is known as an autoimmune disorder where the body of a diabetic stop making insulin hormone at all and therefore can’t regulate blood sugar.  

Gestational diabetes affects pregnant ladies, and the condition usually resolves after the birth of the baby but can make the woman prone to Type 2 diabetes later in the future. These three types of diabetes can be easily diagnosed through a blood test. A blood test is performed to check the sugar level in the bloodstream. Unfortunately, many people are unaware of the fact that they have diabetes because of the symptoms of diabetes are super subtle. Data suggests that gestational diabetes occurs in approximately 9.2% of pregnancies. The pregnancy hormone affects the mode of the action of insulin, which causes the body to make more of it.

But in some cases, there is still not enough insulin, and gestational diabetes develops. Gestational diabetes occurs in later pregnancy, and it resolves in most women after the delivery. Unfortunately, gestational diabetes increases the risk of Type 2 diabetes. It is recommended to have diabetes tests every few years. Treatment for diabetes include medications and lifestyle changes.

Diabetes Symptoms in Women

Women should be aware of diabetes signs that might indicate that it’s time to head into your diabetes expert’s place for a test.

  • More frequent bathroom breaks- When your body is overloaded with sugar, your body instinctively tries to get rid of it. So, you end up urinates more often than normal. If you notice you suddenly have more frequent bathroom trips, especially at midnight, it’s time to talk to a health care expert.
  • Feeling thirsty every time- The result of high-volume urine loss is dehydration. This contributes to the feeling of extreme thirst. Some patients who are not aware of their diabetic condition, quench their thirst with sugary beverages like juice, cold drinks, or soda, which makes the matter worse by adding to their blood glucose levels. A person with diabetes may experience a drop-in weight, extreme thirst, and dark-coloured urine as the signs of dehydration.
  • You smell when breathing- Dehydration associated with the diabetic condition may lead to dry mouth accompanied by bad breath. Dry mouth means there is not enough spit to wash out the bacteria and balance the pH levels in the mouth, leading to bad breath. Moreover, undiagnosed or uncontrolled diabetes can give rise to ketosis, a process in which the body uses body fat instead of glucose for energy. During the processes a chemical called ketones produce which makes you smell unpleasant, sometimes smell appears like acetone because of the ketone.
  • Blurry vision- One of the common symptoms of diabetes, which is often ignored in women. What does da metabolic disorder like diabetes mellitus have to do with your vision? This might be questioning, which appears in almost everyone’s head. It is believed that fluid builds up in your eye’s lens on the elevation of blood sugar level. This build-up of fluid cause blurry vision and sends you to an ophthalmologist for new glasses or contact lens prescription. Gaining control over high blood sugar levels can clear up blurred vision.
  • Numbness in hands and feet- Numbness or sensations like pins and needles in your arms, hands, legs, and feet are also a common issue among patients with Type 2 diabetes. The condition is often referred to as neuropathy, and it occurs when the blood flow reduces to your extremities and overtime damages your nerves and blood vessels.
  • Your cuts and wounds take a lot more time to heal- Reduced sensations in your extremities may increase the likelihood of injuries. You are less likely to notice a cut because you are unable to feel it because of Diabetes related numbness. This means you are less likely to take care of it, and the risk of getting infection increases.  Uncontrolled diabetes can make it hard for your body to heal the cuts and wounds.
  • Unexpected weight loss- Unexplained weight loss can happen for a lot of medical reasons and diabetes mellitus. Insulin is believed to help your body move sugar from your blood to your cells; when you developed insulin resistance, your cell doesn’t receive enough energy despite excess glucose in your body.  Because your body is not getting adequate amount of energy from sugar, your body begins to burn your fat and muscle for energy. It is recommended to consult a doctor if you lose5 to 10% of your body weight.
  • You are tired despite getting enough sleep- Your body breaks down carbohydrates into glucose, which is the primary source of energy. When you have diabetes, your body is not able to effectively use it. No doubt, there are tons of reasons; you could be feeling tired or exhausted.
  • Yeast infections- High blood sugar creates an environment for yeast infection in your vagina. Vaginal thrush is a symptom of diabetes in women. High blood sugar can cause glucose to be excreted via the urine. Glucose act as a fuel for yeast, the more that’s around, the more they can multiply.
  • You got dark spots on your skin– You may experience darkening of skin under your armpits, or even in your groin area. The condition is common in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). If you notice the appearance of new dark spots on your skin, they are worth checking out with your health care expert.

There is no cure for diabetes mellitus, and you can only make efforts to achieve the best control over your symptoms of diabetes. Variety of treatments for diabetes are there to help manage symptoms. These include lifestyle modification, eating a balanced diet, regular exercise and use of anti-diabetic medicines.

Also Read: How Does Diabetes Affect Your Blood Pressure?

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